The transformation of raw material into useable forms through the employment of knowledge is paramount in the achievement of material culture. For example, we make living abodes to shelter ourselves from the adversities of weather and for our own privacy at the basic level, beyond this we make, use, and share sophisticated, interesting and essential items relaying our cultural orientation.
For instance, the types of clothes one wears reflect so much into the culture we subscribe to like school, religion, or where the last vacation was spent. Non-material culture on the other hand is the abstract or un-seen human creations by the society fashioned towards the behavioural influence of the said society.
The components for the non-material culture include symbols, languages, values, and norms. For instance, the activities a society part takes like cricket in India, social institutions such as churches, schools, family, and so forth. The use of language, the patterns of behaviour and beliefs, and values to it shape the direction of a society over time. Language in its influence on perception, values guiding what the society should be and norms forming the customs of the society.
Language in itself is the combination of symbols expressing ideas enabling people to think and communicate amongst each other, either verbally or nonverbally.
Language helps in the description of reality, share experiences, feelings, and knowledge with other people. The use of language enables the creation of visual images, distinction from outsiders thus maintaining societal solidarity and boundaries. It also serves as a unique tool in manipulation of symbols for the expression of abstract concepts and rules therefore creating and transmitting culture between generations.
The aboriginals for instance in their use of language confine to their society describing relationships rather than judging or evaluate. Saville-Troike notes that a speech community cannot be defined only by its use of the same language.
This is because language and language use are shaped by the context in which they exist. For instance, although English is a language used around the world, there are many varieties and dialects of English that have developed in different countries. These varieties may contain different vocabulary items, different syntactical constructions or different uses of grammar. Just because speakers in England, the United States, South Africa and India speak English does not mean that the speakers can be said to belong to the same speech community.
In exploring language and culture within a speech community, a key area of study is identity formation. An individual's identity encompasses one's sense of who one is in relation to groups and networks in society as well as within societal structures and practices. For instance, one might define oneself as being male or female, as belonging to a specific religion or as a member of a certain social class.
Within any society, there are many categories with which individuals can identify, and individuals generally see themselves as members of more than one category. Social Identity Theory proposes that individuals define themselves along two axes: Social relates to memberships in various groups, and personal relates to the personal attributes one has that make one unique from others.
For instance, on a college campus, students might identity themselves as being friendly, outgoing, shy, nervous or smart personal axis or according to their gender, race, ethnicity, religion, regional background or participation in academic or extracurricular activities social axis Howard, For any category that exists within a society, there is generally a set of rules or identifiers that mark individuals as members of the group.
These rules develop over time through the interaction of group members. Because interaction most frequently occurs through language, language plays an important role in the establishment and maintenance of individual and group identity.
Language allows members of a group to talk about and evaluate themselves. Through this talk, members form self-perceptions and negotiate how they see themselves in relation to each other and people outside the group.
Members may also mark their membership by adopting particular languages or language uses e. Finally, through language, individuals are able to pass on the rules of group behavior to each other and from generation to generation Howard, ; Saville-Troike, Some of the questions researchers ask when exploring language, culture and identity are related to the relationship between language and cognitive processes.
For example, in order for the woman to show her face to another male in public, she must first request permission from her husband to unveil. During further discussion, it becomes even more apparent, that this Iranian woman is subservient and possesses a lower level of status than that of Iranian males. Symbols, in representative form of communication, art, expressions, materials, and so on, allow a cultural group to develop complex thoughts and to exchange those thoughts with each other.
People are not born with culture; they have to learn it. Throughout the development of the entire life span, culture is learned from the society in which we live.
Furthermore, in the diverse population of the United States, ethnic groups or societies will have to interact with other groups outside the realm of their individual self. In order to do so, it is necessary for the societies to exchange languages, ideas, or even, technology. In addition, the changing environments of the world population requires a need for cultural adaptation for basic survival.
For example, a move from the United States, where basic resources are plentiful, to Russia, where the resources are scarce, would force an adaptation to the cultural differences in order to develop a new lifestyle. In conclusion, culture defines who we are, how we think, and how we behave.
Some kinds of culture are include better means of making life securer than others. Cultural traits that offer some advantages, utility, or even pleasures are sought and accepted by societies.
Hispanic Culture - Hispanic Culture research papers discuss the culture's Latin flavor in it's music, movies, television, and language. Hispanic American Diversity - This is a research paper on Hispanic American Diversity and each Hispanic group will be examined.
If you want to write a culture research paper, you should start about what culture do you want to write (what religion, what ethnic group, what language, what customs, what heritage, what social norms), about this particular type.
This sample Culture Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need help writing your assignment, please use our research paper writing service and buy a paper on any topic at affordable price. - Quantitative An article by Ophillia Ledimo entitled, Managing Organizational Culture Through an Assessment of Employees’ Current and Preferred Culture, was examined for the quantitative portion of this research paper (). Quantitative research presents relationships among data collected (Plano Clark & Creswell, ).
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