Physical characteristics include, but are not limited to:. The things that occur around a person on a regular basis determine how that person will behave and perceive themselves. A person's social experiences affect:. Perhaps the most surprising and astonishing personality determinant is heredity. The example given below is quite interesting, and comes from the book Essentials of Organizational Behavior by Stephen P.
Judge, and Seema Sanghi:. Researchers in my many different countries have studies thousands of sets of identical twins who were separated at birth and raised separately. For instance, one set of twins who had been separated for 39 years and raised 45 miles apart, were found to drive the same model and color car. They also chain-smoked the same brand of cigarette, owned dogs with the same name, and regularly enjoyed vacations within three blocks of each other in a beach community 1, miles away.
Heredity is perhaps the most important factor in determining personality, since mostly all other determinants, such as physical characteristics, gender, psychology, and more, are passed down through genes. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. There are other determinants too what are their implications when it comes to performance on the job? I've researched some of the twin studies and this is a very interesting and often even fascinating topic.
Thanks for your insightful hub! This is a pretty cool hub. Some of the factors make sense but I had never thought of them.
This is really facinating stuff thanks for that. However I am sceptical, at least that heriditary has as big an effect as they claim. The twins study does not seam to deal with personality at all but rather with a search for similarities, how many things that were different about the twins identies does it fail to mention?
Drive same car, is it a common car? They were rasied in the same culture its hardly suprising they have similar tastes, and combined with an inherent predisposition for brain pathways to operate in a certain way the law of averages means their will be commonalies somewhere, especailly in a a sample of thousands, but what of their personalities?
It certainly intersting though, I go to find out more. I have twin grand babies who are one year old and I already notice how their behaviors are similar! Thanks so much for the information. It has helped me withh my essay in which I am arguing that personality is influenced by both nature and nurture.
This piece of information is really interesting, as well it helped me in my assignment I love reading about this kind of stuff Thnx it helps we to understand clearly about the determinants or traits of personality or help u to give our best presentation. This piece of information is really interesting, as well it helped me in my assignment. After going through this article I concluded my report that basically two factors are responsible for personality.
One being the environment in which we live and the other is the hereditary. I recently posted a Personality Test taken from Jerry M. What is interesting is that, if we know our personality type, it helps us in so many things that we do, why we do etc.
All the above mentioned things will fall in the category of physical factors. If any factor that will affect the mental state of the person is there, it will eventually change his personality. A very beautiful girl may act proudly and with ego or attitude. A not so beautiful person may act humbly.
These are not 'fix' things but they help determining a personality. The hereditary factors are quite shocking indeed. Its interesting to see how two people raised in completely different environments can have the same personality traits, likes, and dislikes. I once read about some twins that were separated at birth and were raised in completely different countries. Both of them had similar tastes in foods and were morbidly obese. This sheds some light on the genetics of obesity.
I think now I am getting to your point. I am hoping to further improve myself on the thing that you have mentioned: Here's a good one to ponder Hunbbel.
Personality appears to be a result of both influences. Additionally, today we recognize another factor - the situation. The problem lies in the fact the cognitive and psychological processes, plus many other variables, all contribute to personality.
The determinants of personality can perhaps best be grouped in five broad categories: The heredity approach argues that the ultimate explanation of an individual's personality is the molecular structure of the genes, located in the chromosomes. Research on animals has showed that both physical and psychological characteristics can be transmitted through heredity. But research on human beings is in adequate to support this view point. However, psychologists and geneticists have accepted the fact that heredity plays an important role in one's personality.
Preliminary results from the electrical stimulation of the brain ESB research give indication that better understanding of human personality and behaviour might come from the study of the brain.
Work with ESB on human subjects is just beginning. There seem to be definite pleasurable and painful areas in the human brain. This being true, it may be possible physically to manipulate personality through ESB. If personality characteristics were completely dictated by heredity, they would be fixed at birth and no amount of experience could alter them.
But personality characteristics are not completely dictated by heredity. There are other factors, which also influence personality. Among the factors that exert pressures on our personality formation are the culture in which we are raised, our early conditioning, the norms among our family, friends and social groups and other influences we experience.
Traditionally, cultural factors are usually considered to make a more significant contribution to personality than biological factors. The culture largely determines attributes toward independence, aggression, competition, and cooperation. According to Paul H Mussen "each culture expects, and trains, its members to behave in the ways that are acceptable to the group.
To a marked degree, the child's cultural group defines the range of experiences and situations he is likely to encounter and the values and personality characteristics that will be reinforced and hence learned".
Culture requires both conformity and acceptance from its members. The personality of an individual to a marked extent is determined by the culture in which he or she is brought up. It follows that a person reared in a western culture has a different personality from a person reared in our Indian culture. Whereas the culture generally prescribes and limits what a person can be taught, it is the family, and later the social group, which selects, interprets and dispenses the culture.
Thus, the family probably has the most significant impact on early personality development. A substantial amount of empirical evidence indicates that the overall home environment created by the parents, in addition to their direct influence, is critical to personality development. For example, children reared in a cold, un stimulating home are much more likely to be socially and emotionally Mal adjusted than children rose by parents in a warm, loving and stimulating environment.
The parents play an especially important part in the identification process, which is important to the person's early development. Experience determines the way these materials will be used. An individual may be energetic because of his heredity but whether he is active on his own belief or on behalf of others is a matter of his training. There can be little doubt that culture largely determines the types of personality that will predominate in the particular group.
According to some sociologists personality is the subjective aspect of culture. They regard personality and culture as two sides of same coin. Spiro had observed the development of personality and the acquisition of culture are not different processes but one and the same learning process.
Personality is an individual aspect of culture while culture is a collective aspect of personality. Each culture produces its special type or types of personality. A given cultural environment sets its participant members off from other human beings operating under different cultural environments.
According to Frank culture is a coercive influence dominating the individual and molding his personality by virtue of the ideas, conceptions and beliefs which had brought to bear on him through communal life.
The culture provides the raw material of which the individual makes his life. The traditions, customs, mores, religion, institutions, moral and social standards of a group affect the personality of the group members. From the moment of birth the child is treated in ways which shape his personality. Every culture exerts a series of general influences upon the individuals who grow up under it.
It can be summed up that culture greatly moulds personality. The individual ideas and behavior are largely the results of cultural conditioning. However it should not be concluded that culture is a massive die that shapes all that come under it with an identical pattern.
All the people of a given culture are not of same cast.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Personality: Meaning and Determinants of Personality! Man is not born a person. At birth he is an infant possessing the potentiality of becoming a person. After birth he associates with other human beings and comes under the influence of their culture. As a result of a variety of experiences and social influences he .
Determinants of Personality. Personality is a result of the combination of four factors- physical environment, heredity, culture and particular experiences. Geographical environment sometimes determines cultural variability. Man comes to form ideas and attitudes according to the physical environment he lives in.
Feb 20, · Before discussing the most common determinants of personality, it is necessary to answer the question, "What is personality?" For the answer, we turn to American psychologist Gordon Allport, who describes personality as: The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems Reviews: Major Determinants Of Personality - Free online tutorials for Personality Principles Of Management And Organisational Behaviour () courses with .
Determinants of Personality. 1. INTRODUCTION Personality can be described as: the collective qualities, characteristics, disposition and values of a person which distinguish him or her from others, and which will affect the manners he/she reacts toward or interacts with other people and his /her environment. A: The determinants of personality are the factors that influence the development of personality, such as nature, or biological, and nurture, or environmental.