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How to Write an Argumentative Essay

What is an Argumentative Essay?

❶Avoid the standard three-part thesis often taught to beginning writers.

Finding Ideas to Write About

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Finding Ideas to Write About Argument essay topics can be found everywhere. Chances are, you will hear someone trying to persuade another person to believe in their claim about: How important is it? What should we do about it? Stuck for an idea? Check out my Easy Argument Topics List. Is it true or not? What does it really mean? What is the cause?

What are the effects? How to Write Your Thesis. Does divorce cause serious problems for the children? You can mix and match these ideas for your essay. In your paper, you will need to do the following Interest the reader in the situation and make them think it is worth learning more about. Explain the controversy or problem clearly.

Explain the sides of the debate. Tell them your side. Convince them that your side is the best one to take. Refute any objections they may be thinking about as they read. Urge the reader to adopt our point of view to do, think or believe something. Here are some tips: Use the title to present your point of view.

Often the title can be a question. Think about your audience—what aspects of this issue would most interest or convince them? Check out the introduction and conclusion chart for creative ways to introduce your paper. Make sure you have a clear thesis which answers the question. The thesis should tell your position and is usually the last sentence of your introduction. Reasons and support Usually, you will have three or more reasons why the reader should accept your position.

These will be your topic sentences. Anticipate opposing positions and objections What objections will your readers have? Answer them with argument or evidence. What other positions do people take on this subject? What is your reason for rejecting these positions?

Why should the reader adopt your point of view? You might use the anticipating objections in the conclusion. Classical, Rogerian and Toulmin. You can choose one of these or combine them to create your own argument paper. Here is the basic outline of a classical argument paper: Summarizes arguments, suggests solution and ties into the introduction or background.

Qualities of this strategy: The author is Reasonable: Present your character as a person who understands and empathizes with the opposition.

Often this means you state opposing position fairly and sympathetically. Establish common ground in beliefs and values you share Example: As the dominant species, we do have responsibilities.

Be willing to change views and show where your position could be modified. It is a good idea to invest in trying to find ways to get information without using live animals in experiments. Direct your argument toward a compromise or workable solution. It uses this format: Pornography on The Internet is bad for kids.

Government should regulate Internet pornography. The statement that explains how the data backs up the claim. Government regulation works in other instances. Additional logic and reasoning. We have lots of other government regulations on media. In most cases, the government should regulate pornography. This further limits the claim by describing situations the writer would exclude. Where children are not involved in pornography, regulation may not be urgent. How do you write a thesis statement in an argumentative essay?

Start with a story which Conclude your thesis with Here are some samples using the topic of diet and obesity: What Causes Child Obesity? What is the Best Diet? Should Sugar Be Banned in Schools?

When is Too Young to Go on a Diet? How do I start an introduction to a paper about abortion? Here are some possible questions: What should a woman in a crisis pregnancy do? How can we best help women who have crisis pregnancies? How can we best advise friends who have a crisis pregnancy? Is abortion ever a right choice?

Should we change abortion laws, and if so, how should they be changed? Where can I find information about United States students versus students of other countries? When delivering a debate, should the quote come before the greeting? Argumentative writing is usually done for the following 5 types of claims: What does it mean? How can we solve that problem? Thank you so much, this have been very helpful. I want to thank you so much for this artical. Seems that Toulman is the style but need details Hi Virginia, English is my second language and struggling with essay writing and an argument essay, I find your advise but time is very short for my assessment test tomorrow.

In an argument essay, what you really need is: Wonderful and useful hub. It will certainly help improve my writing. This website uses cookies As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. What will happen if your solution is adopted or people accept your argument. Revise the scenario showing what will happen if the reader adopts your ideas.

Startling quotation, fact or statistic. Use a real-life example of how your idea works. Tell the reader what they need to think, do, feel or believe. Appeal to the reader's emotions, character, or reason. This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.

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This service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. Some articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. Featured Articles Argumentative Essays. Understand the purpose of an argumentative essay. The purpose of this type of essay is to fully investigate an issue or topic.

This involves extensive research covering all aspects of the topic and gathering information on all involved points of view. Argumentative essays also provide your audience with a well-rounded summary of the issue at hand, but clearly indicate what your own point of view is and why this view is the best option over others.

Understand the methodology of an argumentative essay. To prepare yourself to write an argumentative essay, it is crucial for you to fully immerse yourself in the subject material. The effectiveness of this type of essay depends on the author's ability to parse through the various facets of the topic and lead the reader toward an obvious and logical conclusion.

To this end, you must familiarize yourself with all opinions about the topic so that you can also outline the viewpoints that oppose your own view counterarguments. Understand the desired outcome of an argumentative essay. In the end, the main reason someone chooses to write an argumentative essay other than the fact that their professor told them to! Make sure you have your desired outcome in mind as you move forward in the writing process.

Choose something that fits the format. Remember that an argumentative essay will argue in support of a particular view in a debatable issue. As such, it is important that you do not choose a topic that is not arguable. Pick an issue that is interesting to you. You'll be spending a lot of time researching and writing this paper. So it is important for you to choose a topic that you find interesting from the start. Avoid choosing a topic that has been overdone, or, on the other hand, one that is too obscure since supporting evidence may be more difficult to find.

Find a peer preferably one that holds an oppositional view to discuss your argument with. This process will help you refine your thinking and develop new ideas to support your judgment. Try a debate-style conversation in which you each bring up aspects of the controversy and attempt to explain your view on the topic. Keep your audience in mind. An important aspect of writing an argumentative essay is understanding your audience.

Are you writing the paper for a class, in which case your audience is your professor and your classmates? Or perhaps you are writing it for a presentation to a larger group of people. Regardless, you must think about where your audience is coming from in order to lead them to your desired outcome.

People's backgrounds and experiences often influence how they will react to views different from their own, so it is helpful for you to be knowledgeable about these factors. You also use different language when addressing different groups of people.

For example, you would speak to the pastor at your church differently than you might speak in a casual setting with your best friend. It is important to be mindful of these distinctions when considering your audience. Understand the rhetorical situation. It is essential that you understand all of the factors in the situation surrounding your issue. All rhetorical situations contain five basic elements: That is why rhetoric is important in an argumentative essay.

These types of essays aim to convince the reader that the author's view on the subject is the most correct one. Create a catchy title. Developing a creative, original title is a fantastic opportunity to hook your reader into wanting to read more of your paper before they even get to the introduction. A good title will act as a "preview" for what your paper will be about. Many titles for academic papers come in two parts, separated by a colon. The first part is often a catchy hook that involves a pun on your topic or an impactful quote, and the second part is usually a sentence that sums up or provides details about your argument.

Come up with a thesis statement. Your thesis statement will be a concise idea that sums up your view on the issue. The thesis usually appears at the end of the introduction paragraph.

Having this idea in mind early on in the reading process will help guide your reader through the rest of the paper. A good thesis statement is concise and clear. It tells the reader what the point of the paper is and why it's important. The thesis must make a claim of some sort. Here is an example of a strong thesis statement: Excessive meat consumption in America is the leading cause of pollution today, and, thus, is a significant influence on global warming.

This thesis makes a claim specifically a cause and effect claim about a debatable topic with a narrow enough focus to create an interesting, manageable argumentative essay. Here is an example of a weak thesis statement: Pollution is a problem in the world today.

This is not a debatable issue; few people would argue that pollution is not a problem. The topic is also too broad. You can't write a paper on every single aspect of pollution. Avoid the standard three-part thesis often taught to beginning writers.

This format is constricting and limits the shape your ideas can take to being contained in three basic body paragraphs. Without the three-part thesis statement, your ideas can expand more freely and incorporate ideas that might not fit exactly into the three parts. An example of a three-part thesis statement might look something like this: Global warming is caused by industrial pollution, automobile exhaust fumes, and waste dumping in the oceans.

In this case, you would expect to find three body paragraphs: Any other causes of pollution would not fit anywhere in this essay, which restricts the meaning and the message of the paper. Changing the thesis to avoid this form will make for a much more functional essay that is written at a more advanced level. A more effective thesis would be something like this: Due to increasing global temperatures and rising ocean levels, global warming has become an issue that needs to be acknowledged by a wider audience in order to begin reversing the effects.

This section should briefly explain the essay topic and include relevant background information to familiarize the reader with the topic. As previously mentioned, your thesis statement should appear at the end of the introduction.

Write the body of the paper. Carefully present information that supports both your argument and opposition. Acknowledge evidence that supports the opposition, but utilize powerful evidence to assert your claim. There are many different ways to organize your argument, [7] but the most important thing is that you cover all aspects of the issue. Leaving out information simply because it contradicts your thesis idea is unethical as it does not provide an accurate portrayal of the issue.

Be sure to include counterarguments those ideas that are at odds with your own view , but explain to your reader why your own viewpoint is more logical and accurate, perhaps because the opposing view is based on outdated information, etc. Avoid implicating opposing views as wrong because it could alienate your readers.

The aim of this section is to reassert your argument and persuade the audience to support your claim. Try to connect the essay topic to the interests and values of the audience.

Be sure to review your main points and restate your thesis. But make sure not to introduce any new information in the conclusion so that you can effectively wrap up what you've already said. Often, it is helpful to end with a look forward to further research that could be done on the topic in light of what you have said in your paper.

Go to the library and look up books on the subject. Or look up information from reliable sources on the internet. It is important to find sources that cover all views of the issue since the point of this kind of essay is to provide a well-rounded overview of all aspects of the topic.

Collecting evidence and information that supports both your argument and the opposing view will strengthen your essay. Ask a reference librarian for assistance in finding reputable, useful sources for your argument. They will probably be happy to help you. Pick sources that are reputable and provide accurate, up-to-date information. The best research acknowledges the foundational work on a given subject, but also interrogates innovations in the field and divergences from the status quo.

You do this by looking at sources that are both old these provide the foundation of the topic and new these provide current trends in thought on an issue. Choose quotes that support your points. In order to make your work more credible, it is important to incorporate quotes from sources that are considered scholarly. Scholarly sources should be written by experts in the field i. This means that sources are fact-checked by a panel of experts before they are approved for publication.


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Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at a blank page. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into a .

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Sep 03,  · To write an argumentative essay, select a debatable topic that you have a strong opinion about. Your job is to convince the reader that your view on the subject is the best one, so choose a topic you can investigate and support with research%(23).

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Sep 05,  · How to Write an Argument Essay Step by Step. Updated on July 3, Virginia Kearney. more. This artical was really helpful for me because it shows the whole technique how to write an argumentative essay. In fact, everyone now could write one with such an ease and confidence. I want to thank you so much for this artical. Nick considerableaps.tks: How to Write an Argumentative Essay In an argumentative essay, you want to convince someone to agree with your idea or opinion, using research-based evidence. Writing an argumentative essay is a skill that anyone in school needs to know, though it can be useful outside of the classroom, as well.

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