He showed that humans experiences are hinged on their past, present and future experiences. This is because the brain stores memories of these experiences. When this mechanism is working properly, people are organised in time and in their behaviour.
This is because people tend to repeat good behaviour if their reward is satisfactory. They avoid bad behaviour because of the possible punishment they will receive.
Also, when this mechanism is working properly, people have the ability to connect their feelings to events, behaviour and objects, therefore, are able to identify with others. However, when this mechanism is not working, problems occur. One day the child, Stefan, insults his music teacher.
It is as if a filter is missing between thought and action. Another problem that occurs when this mechanism is not working properly is the inability to keep focused on any one activity.
According to Larry Stein, this is because there is no stored memory, therefore, each event or environmental stimulus is reacted to as if it is new. Thus, the child is unable to concentrate and complete tasks. Another problem is that the person seeks instant gratification. During the present moment the child does not remember that a reward for their behaviour could be delayed, thus, they seek instant gratification. Also, the child has no expectation of punishment, therefore, tends to repeat the same unacceptable behaviours.
According to the researchers, this then shows that ADHD children do not respond to punishment. Another problem if this mechanism is not working properly is that the person is unable to bond with others.
Therefore, they cannot empathise with others, so their behaviour tends to be selfish, bossy and bullying towards others, because they see only themselves at the centre of their existence. However, it must be pointed out, that most children tend to be like this to some degree, it is only with maturation that a child begins to empathise with others.
The problem for an ADHD child is that, even with maturation, this social skill does not seem to improve. There is an argument against the theory that ADHD is neurologicaly based. For instance, they point out that some parents claim that their ADHD children can pay attention when there is something interesting to do. Also, some parents claim that on a one to one basis their children function very well, and that they only have problems in a group situation.
This shows then, that in some ADHD children, their symptoms are not always in effect. These psychotherapists also claim that ADHD is prevalent among first born children. They do not believe that birth order can be affected by genetics or neurological impairment. Thus, they believe that this is another factor which proves their argument. These psychotherapists claim that recent studies show that brain chemicals and genes can be changed by experiences.
Therefore, they believe, to alter ADHD symptoms, everyday experiences must alter. Another theory about what causes ADHD is the genetic factor. There is other evidence to prove this. For example a study was performed by a Dr Biederman at Massachusetts General Hospital in in an attempt to prove this theory. They examined first degree relatives biological parents or siblings.
They compared these relatives with ADHD to relatives of children with other mental health disorders. Some people believe that this evidence proves the theory that ADHD is genetic. However, Debroitner and Hart believe that this is not conclusive evidence. This is because they believe that many behaviours in children are learned from their parents, rather than inherited. However, the theory of learned behaviour does not tie in with other studies done.
He also has no patients at all, so Gwen says. She said her son can never sit still, his hands must also always be moving, and everything is done in a rush. Gwen told the reporter of an incident in the summer, her son took apart the lawnmower, because he was bored, and put it back together, with parts to spare, and the mower still ran. She also stated that he was cleaning out his fish tank, and ended up dropping it on his leg, he had to be rushed to the hospital for stitches, because he was in a rush and didn"t pay attention to what he was doing and was very negligent.
Gwen told us that her son has just recently finished probation for an incident she rather not talk about and that he is no longer allowed to attend public school, he goes to an alternative school and is currently on Ritalin to try to help his behavior.
Gwen said that she believes there is no hope for her son. ADHD is usually controlled by Ritalin, a mild nervous system stimulant. Due to the fact that there is no true way to determine ADHD, it is often a misdiagnosis of a child acting like a child. Adhd Essay, term paper, research paper: Research Papers See all college papers and term papers on Research Papers.
Need a different custom essay on Research Papers? Buy a custom essay on Research Papers. Need a custom research paper on Research Papers? Click here to buy a custom term paper. Other sample model essays: The definition of alcoholism can be described as a chronic illness, which is marked by uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages that interferes with physical or ment The United States of America is the land of the free, the land of opportunity, the wealthiest country in the world, a country that half the modern world is modeled after.
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Children with Attention Deficit Disorder have also shown specific learning problems involving word confusion, math, writing, spelling and reading. If untreated, as children with ADD grow older, they are more likely to experience drug abuse, antisocial behavior, conduct disorders and injuries.
Methylphenidate, also known as Ritalin, is a central nervous system stimulant and is not a new medication. In fact, it has been around for about thirty years and increasingly prescribed to treat Attention Deficit Disorder. Ritalin has effects similar to, yet more potent than caffeine and less potent than amphetamines.
It has a notably calming effect on hyperactive children and a focusing effect on those with ADD. Life can be hard on children with Attention Deficit Disorder. Ritalin allows them to concentrate and finish the homework, which they were once not able to.
Until recently, most studies involve the short-term effectiveness of stimulants. First-hand experience, with children taking Ritalin, has influenced my opinion as to whether it is the right treatment for Attention Deficit Disorder, ADD. Working at an after school daycare, I have witnessed many temper tantrums and fights or arguments between children, as well as children and adults. On days where they have forgotten to take their medication, many of these incidences occur.
I could definitely see a difference in their behavior and they do not seem like themselves. These children will lash out at other children and adults if they do not get their own way or like what they are told to do.
One incident sticks out in my mind; a boy threw a basketball at another boy for stealing the ball from him during a game. This boy was then told to go inside, sit down and put his head down. He then started to throw a temper tantrum, banged his head on the table and made his lip bleed. For the rest of the day though, he was upset and just not his normal self.
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Introduction Among the behavioural disorders that are commonly diagnosed, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent among youth and children.
RESEARCH PAPER ON ADHD Abstract Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral development disorder among children. In the United States there are at least 2 million grade school children that are diagnosed with the disorder (Dupper, ).
The purpose of this paper is to provide a detailed description of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), its causes, symptoms and treatments. Apr 29, · All free online essays, sample essays and essay examples on the ADHD topics are plagiarized and cannot be completely used in your school, college or university education. If you need a custom essay, dissertation, thesis, term paper or research paper on your topic, considerableaps.tk will write your papers from scratch.
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