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Dissertation Formatting Guidelines

How to Cite

❶She really took her time to point out areas of improvement. Begin typing the abstract two inches from the top of a blank page with no heading.

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APA Editors for Dissertations and Theses | APA 6th Edition
Doctoral Studies
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If the dissertation was done for a degree-granting institution in the United States or Canada, it typically is published on ProQuest. The accession number typically starts with the letters "AAT," and can be found in the ProQuest listing for the dissertation. Do not put a period after the accession number. By including the accession number, you enable your readers to easily access the dissertation directly without having to perform a more complex search.

Proofread the full citation. Once you've completed your citation, check to make sure you've formatted it correctly and that the information provided is accurate. If the citation takes more than one line, use the hanging indent style after the first line.

Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Make sure the entry is single-spaced. Typically you will double space between entries. Give the name of the author. The first part of any APA citation is always the last name of the author followed by their first and middle initials. This remains the same regardless of whether the dissertation is unpublished.

Provide the year the dissertation was written. If a dissertation is unpublished, it stands to reason you won't have a year of publication. But you still need to answer the "when" question. Check the title page to find out the date the dissertation was written. Type the full title of the dissertation. Use sentence-style capitalization for the title of the dissertation.

This generally means you're only going to capitalize the first word. The title of the dissertation should be in italics. Manic-depressive behavior in early childhood Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Include the name of the institution and its location. Since the dissertation isn't published, you need different information to answer the "where" question.

Dissertations are kept on file at universities, so you want the name of the school where the dissertation was submitted. For example, "Vanderbilt University. Check the complete citation. Once you've completed your citation, proofread the entry carefully to make sure the information is correct and you've used the proper formatting. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Single-space the entire entry, with a double-space between entries.

List the name of the author. In-text citations typically are provided in parentheses after the information from that reference that you've included in your paper. Start the in-text citation with the last name of the author.

If there is more than one author, separate their names with commas. Use an ampersand before the last name listed in parenthetical citations. If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu. If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page.

Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books ISBNs , and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing.

How can you find the publication number? You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples:. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph.

Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management by Kasai, Aya, M. Title in italics Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice Doctoral dissertation.

Title in italics Master's thesis. Images of pain, images of pain relief:

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How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university. Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.

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APA citation format for a published dissertation: Author. (year). Title in italics (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number]) Crowe, B. D. (). I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved .

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Title of dissertation/thesis (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number) Example: Cooley, T. (). Design, development, and implementation of a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN): The Hartford Job Corps Academy case study (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations . Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles. Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title. If the paper was retrieved through a library database, give the .

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A published doctoral dissertation usually resides in a database, such as the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD) or the ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database. As such, the APA reference for published dissertations should include the database where it can be found and the accession or order number. Sep 26,  · Edit Article How to Cite a Dissertation in APA. Three Methods: Citing Published Dissertations Citing Unpublished Dissertations Writing In-Text Citations Community Q&A For many social sciences, you'll use the American Psychological Association (APA) style of citation%(2).