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How to Write a Good Conclusion for a Research Paper

Make Your Conclusion Effective

❶Provide a basic synthesis of everything stated before. You may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion.

Structure of Your Conclusion

How do you start drafting a conclusion?
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Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion

Add the points up. If your paper proceeds in an inductive manner and you have not fully explained the significance of your points yet, you need to do so in your conclusion. If you already fully explained what the points in your paper mean or why they are significant, you do not need to go into them in much detail in your conclusion.

Simply restating your thesis or the significance of your topic should suffice. It is always best practice to address important issues and fully explain your points in the body of your paper. The point of a conclusion to a research paper is to summarize your argument for the reader and, perhaps, to call the reader to action if needed.

Make a call to action when appropriate. If and when needed, you can state to your readers that there is a need for further research on your paper's topic. Note that a call for action is not essential to all conclusions.

A research paper on literary criticism, for instance, is less likely to need a call for action than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and young children. A paper that is more likely to call readers to action is one that addresses a public or scientific need.

Let's go back to our example on tuberculosis. This is a very serious disease that is spreading quickly and with antibiotic resistant forms. A call to action in this research paper would be a follow-up statement that might be along the lines of "Despite new efforts to diagnose and contain the disease, more research is needed to develop new antibiotics that will treat the most resistant strains of tuberculosis and ease the side effects of current treatments.

The conclusion of a paper is your opportunity to explain the broader context of the issue you have been discussing. It is also a place to help readers understand why the topic of your paper truly matters. For example, if you are writing a history paper, then you might discuss how the historical topic you discussed matters today. If you are writing about a foreign country, then you might use the conclusion to discuss how the information you shared may help readers understand their own country.

Part 1 Quiz How should you summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion? Reread the topic sentence of each paragraph or section. Briefly restate each point. Do not include your supporting arguments. Avoid introducing new information. All of the above.

Stick with a basic synthesis of information. Since this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing it.

Instead of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all together. By doing so, you make your research paper seem like a "complete thought" rather than a collection of random and vaguely related ideas.

Bring things full circle. There are several ways to do this. Ask a question in your introduction. In your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct answer.

Write an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. Instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your paper. For example, if you wanted to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might start your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion.

For example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: The images may or may not appear at other points throughout the research paper. If your research paper presented multiple sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your evidence. Include enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess detail. If your research did not provide you with a clear-cut answer to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as much.

Restate your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your opinion. Indicate that an answer may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at hand. Instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own conclusion. This may not be appropriate for all types of research papers.

Most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper. A good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government policy. Ask a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper.

This question is often the same question, or some version of it, that you may have started out with when you began your research. Make sure that the question can be answered by the evidence presented in your paper. If desired, you can briefly summarize the answer after stating the question. You could also leave the question hanging for the reader to answer, though.

If you are including a call to action in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research. Even without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your reader. For instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research.

Another example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the disease. Part 2 Quiz True or False: Avoid saying "in conclusion" or similar sayings.

This includes "in summary" or "in closing. Moreover, using a phrase like "in conclusion" to begin your conclusion is a little too straight-forward and tends to lead to a weak conclusion. A strong conclusion can stand on its own without being labelled as such.

Do not wait until the conclusion to state your thesis. While it may be tempting to save your thesis in order to create a dramatic end to your paper, doing so will create a paper that seems less cohesive and more unorganized.

Always state the main argument or thesis in the introduction. A research paper is an analytical discussion of an academic topic, not a mystery novel. A good, effective research paper will allow your reader to follow your main argument from start to finish. This is why it is best practice to start your paper with an introduction that states your main argument, and to end the paper with a conclusion that re-states your thesis for re-iteration.

Leave out new information. All significant information should be introduced in the body of the paper. Supporting evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed. A conclusion should narrow the topic to a more general point. A conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your paper. You may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion. It makes the listener feel that the piece is complete and well done.

The same is true for your audience. You want them to feel that you supported what you stated in your thesis. You then become a reliable author for them and they are impressed by that and will be more likely to read your work in the future. A conclusion is, in some ways, like your introduction. You restate your thesis and summarize your main points of evidence for the reader. You can usually do this in one paragraph.

In the following example, the thesis statement is in bold. On the other hand, if your paper addresses some important social issues, the conclusion will only benefit from your thoughts about the possible use of your research and important needs in this area. As we have mentioned above, the conclusion must summarize the paper. Provide a basic synthesis of everything stated before. While rephrasing your topic and thesis statement , try to connect them logically so that your conclusion will sound like a coherent single thought rather than a bunch of random ideas.

The best structure for a research paper includes an introduction and a conclusion which are linked to each other. Sometimes your paper may contain many different or even opposite points. The conclusion is a perfect place to form a single clear opinion on your issue.

While restating your thesis statement, tell your readers whether you still believe it or results of the research pushed you to change your opinion. If it seems impossible to give a clear answer now, tell your readers what further research is needed, or what actions may help answer this question in the future. Another way to create an impressive conclusion is to ask your readers instead of providing them with answers. However, note that such a creative approach may be inappropriate for some kinds of research papers.

Your question must be directly related to the central topic and purpose of the paper. If you make a call to action, you have to explain what actions you consider the most important or effective. Open Navigation Close Navigation. Summarize main points of your paper Remind your readers your key points.

Discuss the significance of your points Note that it may be unnecessary for most papers.

Should you summarize?

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Jul 28,  · A research paper conclusion is one of the most important parts of writing a complete paper. The conclusion is the last chance the author possesses to convince the reader of his or her argument. Depending on the type of paper required, the conclusion may need to fit somewhat different requirements.

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The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. This section also shouldn’t sound too dry. Any conclusion consists of a few elements, so you can choose different approaches depending on your agenda and the paper type.

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Knowing how to write a conclusion for a research paper is half a deal as the concluding part contains a summary of the points and restated thesis statement. Those are the basic attributes of a research paper. It contains many sections compared to a regular essay. Concluding a research paper seems to be a less tiresome job than actually creating a research considerableaps.tkts assume that it may not consume their enough time and efforts if they are assigned to create a summary of an already existing research paper.

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Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion Before you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you need to understand its purpose. A conclusion is your last chance to impress your ideas upon the reader. In short, the conclusion is where you should place your research within a larger context [visualize your paper as an hourglass--start with a broad introduction and review of the literature, move to the specific analysis and discussion, conclude with a broad summary of the study's implications and significance].