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❶For example, the author mentions the number of registered sex offenders living in the United States and uses statistics from a credible organization.

Essay Writing Guide

What happened?
I. Introduction

Such database programs clearly allows law enforcement agencies to increase their understanding of…… [Read More]. Teen Dating Violence Runs Cuts. Peers exert more influence on each other during their adolescent years than at any other time. Research carried out shows that peer attitudes and behaviors are critical influences on teen attitudes and behaviors related to dating violence. Friends are not only influential, but they are also more likely to be "on the scene" and are a key element in a couple's social life.

Roughly all the adolescent dating violence takes place in the presence of a third party. In teenage relationships, the relationship dynamics often play out in a very public way because a lot of teens spend a large portion of their time in school and in groups.

A boyfriend or girlfriend may act differently when in the presence of peers in a behavior viewed by adolescents as characteristic of a relationship that is unhealthy. For instance, boys in one focus group study said that if a girl hit…… [Read More].

A court-ordered sanction that puts the offender back into the community but under the supervision of a probation officer. Probation can be assigned to follow jail time provided good behavior while incarcerated , and it may include having the offender pay a fine, do restitution, and perform community service activities as well www. Probation Social Security Number the. In other circumstances, the offender should be directed towards more traditional means of punishment.

Conclusion Split sentencing has been part of the criminal justice system since the beginning of incarceration programs, and shock probation programs, a form of split sentencing, have been in use for more than 50 years.

There is significant debate about the efficacy of these programs, because some so-called shock probation programs are linked to high rates of recidivism and offender violence, while others are shown to dramatically reduce recidivism. The important thing to keep in mind is that not all programs labeled shock probation programs actually follow the guidelines established in the s for these programs.

Shock probation programs involve the exposure of a defendant to a prison-type environment followed by period of highly monitored probation. However, shock probation programs were never intended to be used on those defendants who were unlikely to be shocked by…… [Read More].

Prison Life and Recidivism Generally Recidivism in. Prison Life and Recidivism Generally, recidivism in the justice system context entails the tendency amongst former prisoners or criminals to go back to their criminal lives mainly upon release from prison.

In this case, recidivism rates are measured by having a look at the number of former prisoners re-incarcerated within a given time period. It can be noted that in basic terms, high recidivism rates are in most cases associated with increased costs of re-offender arrest and prosecution.

Other related costs in this case relate to public safety. The Purpose for Prisons in the U. Justice System Prisons have an existing obligation enshrined in the constitution to avail to inmates a minimal standard of care. However, it is important to note that in relation…… [Read More]. These cycles occur because often neither therapy nor punishment prevents inmates from repeating their patterns of crime once they are released.

This may be partly because our prisons have not always completely thought the therapeutic process through, but it is also partly because of the nature of the types of people who end up in prison. One of the types crimes the general public is most concerned about involves sexual attacks. The public knows that both pedophiles and rapists tend to repeat their behavior once released from prison. As a result, many prisons have therapeutic groups for sex offenders.

In many cases, the participants choose to attend these groups Swift, Research in Canada on the efficacy of these interventions gave startling results: These charges, if proven true, are likely to carry a sentence that will include some jail time. In the case of year-old Doug Kant, this should be the anticipated outcome. Though Kant's criminal record is clean with respect to child sexual abuse or other sexual misconduct, the act of fondling an underage individual will bring a conviction and the certainty of a period of incarceration.

For Kant, there are several mitigating factors that will impact the severity of his sentence. One that cannot be fully determined using the case data provided is the impact levied by his state of residency.

Every state has its own set of parameters when shaping sentencing decisions. The state-based code of sentencing will help to determine the length of time that Kant would ultimately be relegated…… [Read More].

Awareness about psychology behind domestic violence has been greatly enhanced in recent years, as have legal protections for victims. However, the courts' major decisions on domestic violence cases have been somewhat equivocal.

For example, in the case of Castle Rock v Gonzales, the abused woman filed a complaint against the police department, arguing that it violated her right to Due Process when "acting pursuant to official policy or custom" the police "failed to respond to her repeated reports over several hours that her estranged husband had taken their three children in violation of her restraining order against him. Ultimately, the husband murdered the children" Castle Rock v Gonzales, , Cornell.

In the case, the woman had a restraining order against her husband, prohibiting him from coming near her or her children.

However, ultimately the court did not find favor with the defendant since a restraining order is not a property…… [Read More]. Ethics in Criminal Justice Maintaining. A written policy regarding sexual misconduct is imperative, as is stringent hiring practices including applicant screening, adequate supervision, training, and a structured investigative process regarding allegations of sexual misconduct Abner et al. Addressing Sexual Offenses further states that it is necessary to clearly outline the consequences for sexual misconduct as a means of deterring it Abner et al.

Additionally, Addressing Sexual Offenses outlines other strategies which need to be employed to eliminate the possibility of police sexual misconduct including videotaping all officer interactions, requiring strict time reporting, and implementing unannounced spot checks on officer's electronic devices and communication devices Abner et al.

Specific strategies, policies, training, screening, and supervising must be employed to eradicate sexual misconduct by law enforcement officers. Obviously, sexual misconduct by law enforcement officers is a reality and has far reaching implications within a society.

Only by eliminating the behavior, will it be possible…… [Read More]. Forensics and Mental Health. Forensic Mental Health Legislation and Policies The current position on forensic mental health issues when it comes to legislation and policies is a strong one, but there are some difficulties that do not translate well into the probation and parole policies that are currently offered.

In other words, there are issues that are not being addressed, and that are allowing individuals with mental health problems who on are probation and parole to slip through the cracks and struggle with their issues on their own Wang, et al. The high proportion of indigenous offenders is one of the biggest issues that indicates mental health…… [Read More].

Delinquent Anti-Social Behavior In the contemporary world of ours, one of the major problems that the modern society is facing is that of juvenile delinquency. Unfortunately, this problem is the cause of major suffering, damage and anguish to the sufferers, the person responsible for it and society in general. When delinquency is discussed in a broad context, it encompasses a large number of behaviors that can be considered as norm-breaking.

Therefore, the adolescents who adopt such damaging behaviors are regarded as criminally responsible for a number of factors including drug use, aggressive felonies against other people and weapon carrying and handling.

However, the mentioned are just a few examples of delinquency. The off-putting and harmful psychosocial and monetary consequences of criminal behavior in conjunction with its increasing development have given rise to experts' concerns. This is the reason why the recent info regarding delinquency restates the inevitability of these concerns…… [Read More]. Sexual addiction is a disorder that is characterized by repetitive and compulsive thoughts about sex and sexual acts. Like other types of addictions the behavior must have a negative impact on the person so that it leads to issues with the person's social, occupational or legal functioning.

The current paper describes sexual addictions, the controversy surrounding their diagnosis, and some proposed diagnostic criteria. The second half of the paper discusses a treatment plan combining cognitive behavioral therapy and a step program in the treatment of internet pornography addiction. Issues surrounding treatment are also discussed. Sexual addiction is a disorder of intimacy that is characterized by repetitive and compulsive thoughts about sex and sexual acts.

As the disorder…… [Read More]. Child Abuse and Sexuality. In more than cases related to child sexual abuse have been listen in the state-based reports, that have been accumulated by the office of Child Abuse and Neglect U.

Department of Health and Human Services [U. Majority of these cases related to sexual abuse never get registered or reported. Finkelhor, Ormrod, Turner, and Hamby's conducted a survey a while back in which the sample constituted of parents along with children. The results of the survey were that, in the year before the survey, out of every children 82 have been a victim of sexual abuse Whitaker, The abused child undergoes various problems socially, behaviorally, psychologically and physically.

Psychology Analysis of the crime scene After Jeffrey Dahmer was sentenced, he was taken to the Correctional Institution of Columbia, located in Portage; a town in Wisconsin. During his first incarceration year, Dahmer was confined separately in order to keep him physically safe in case he interacted with other prisoners.

With his consent, when the first solitary confinement year was over, Dahmer was taken to a unit that was less secure. Here, he was made to work for two hours each day; he used to clean the ablution block. Apparently, Dahmer adapted well to life in prison, although he had at first been separated from the other inmates. He ultimately managed to convince the authorities to let him interact more with his fellow prisoners.

Dahmer learnt religion from photos and books he received from his father. The Correctional Institution of Columbia even allowed him to go through baptism; it was…… [Read More]. War on Drugs and Its.

The community also loses vital members who otherwise would be contributing to it Moore, and Elkavich Just by eliminating nonviolent offenders from the prison population could total prison costs of This has also had tragic impacts upon the health of injection drug users. This includes the disruption of the provision of health care to injection drug users IDU and increasing risk behaviors associated with infectious disease transmission and overdose Kerr, Small, and Wood Certainly, it makes sense to treat drug addicts out of jail where it will be more effective.

Justice Crime and Ethics. Justice, Crime and Ethics Prepping the President: Today's News and Tomorrow's Solutions. In prepping the president on the topic at hand, significant attention must be paid to the use of rehabilitation in corrections, which has proven itself effective in rehabilitating criminal offenders in a way that allows them to regain a productive life for the remainder of their sentence and beyond.

In viewing the status of criminal rehabilitation as well as the programs and policy considerations…… [Read More]. Pattern Case Study Fact Pattern. The issues, problems and recommendations The subject matter of the case study itself highlights a number of issues, factors and problems that existed at the Mermon Correctional Institution, which is located outside the Washington D. One of the most significant problems that the Mermon Correctional Facility faces in the case study is of the existing staff levels employed by the prison administration.

According to many prison staff members, which also included the victim Correctional Officer Marsha Willis, the number of staff enrolled by the prison administration was less than the numbers that should have been present in an average correctional facility in the country. According to the classification of prisons made by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a correctional institution requires to have a high staff member to inmate ratio.

Such a policy was in place to ensure that the prison security measures were up to the mark required for…… [Read More]. Enforcement of Statutory Rape Laws. These statistics deny that a great number of older men are taking advantage of young girls and making them pregnant.

Eight per cent is hardly an epidemic. Moreover, enforcement of these laws frequently has unexpected consequences. For example, year-old Kevin Gillson was charged in Wisconsin with sexual assault for getting his year-old girlfriend pregnant.

His name was entered in a national registry of sex offenders even though he planned to marry the…… [Read More]. The Psychological Profile of Jeffery. It was also at this period in his life that the alleged acts of molestation which may have occurred during his childhood began to manifest in psychosexual dysfunction. According to Odom, "in an interview Jeffrey once stated, 'it started at the age of 14 or I started having excessive fantasies of violence intermingled with sex and it just got worse and worse.

I didn't know how to tell anyone, so I didn't. I just kept it all inside. Perhaps by no coincidence, the year that he graduated from high school and his parents got divorced would be the same in which he committed his first murder.

Indications are also that Dahmer was exposed to violence between his parents during the dissolution…… [Read More]. Police In this scenario of what may be an instance of domestic violence, the officer has the option of simply talking to the couple, determining what is wrong and issuing a warning-or pressing charges against both or one of the participants for disorderly conduct.

The police officer can simply use his or her presence to influence the couple's behavior or can use the actual weight of the law. The officer will have to use his or her perceptions of the relationship between the couple as well as the information the couple offers.

As part of assessment, the officer should speak to both members of the couple separately to determine if one or more of the participants is at risk of suffering further physical violence. The officer should also determine if alcohol or drugs are potentially involved, which can affect the participants' judgment. It should be noted that merely because the…… [Read More]. Criminology Social Learning Theory and. In the case of family therapy, this may also be true for children. In addition, breaking the children away from the family may foster hatred or further anxiety between the groups, and bringing the children back into the home after the couples have undergone counseling may subject them to an unintended stressor, further harming their relationship with one another.

In this case, it is important for members of law enforcement to realize that each family makes mistakes, and that being a part of a family is -- for many -- a new experience. Children of divorced parents, abusive parents, etc. However, addressing problems with the family intact can be one way to insure that the legacy does not pass to the children of this family.

Another negative affect that this policy…… [Read More]. Public Policy The Amber Alert. The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, which had originally declined to help further the cause in , expanded in and started helping to promote the Amber Alert Lawmakers, That was a huge leap forward for the Amber Alert system, because the NCMEC was such a large organization with so much to offer when it came to getting the public's attention and getting the word out about children who needed help because they had been abducted or had otherwise disappeared from their home or another location.

Thanks to the Amber Alert and the efforts of agencies with which that alert is associated, more children are found before they can be harmed. From both a social and a political context, the Amber Alert is highly significant. The natural instinct of most of society is to protect children, because they are weaker and more vulnerable to predators than the…… [Read More].

Georgetown is considered part of the Salisbury, Maryland-Delaware metropolitan statistical area. It shares no boundaries with any major metropolitan area, as Georgetown is located in a rural region.

It is known as the Deep South of Delaware because it is historically and culturally connected with the south Georgetown Chamber of Commerce Business Directory, Georgetown is technically a town, not a city. As of the census, the population of Georgetown is 6, Georgetown is divided into seven administrative departments that work in conjunction with the town manager to serve the needs of the community Town of Georgetown, These seven departments include finance, administration, planning, police, public works,…… [Read More].

Juvenile Recidivism Rates and Analysis. Should be on its own page. Juvenile recidivism is a prevalent problem in the criminal justice system. Tackling reoffending remains a complex task requiring several strategies and aims. It involves research, acknowledgement of causes, factors, exploration, and evaluation of subgroups to generate long-term, positive changes in the lives of juvenile offenders. From gang violence to Interactive, Constructive, Active, and Passive ICAP , researchers discover some of the reasons why juveniles reoffend and the kinds of intervention methods that may help or worsen the problem of juvenile recidivism.

Intervention philosophies like surveillance, discipline, close monitoring may increase recidivism rates. Restorative programs, counseling, skill building programs, as well as multiple coordinated services decrease recidivism rates. Comment by Max Dugan: I would put evaluation at the end of the list vs. Need to spell out all acronyms before using in APA format.

Relevance Juvenile offenders and reoffenders are…… [Read More]. Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Sexual Offending. Moreover, if an adolescent who has reached 18 commits sexual offending is considered an adult sex offender, "what does this mean for young adults who engaged in sexually abusive behavior prior to age 18?

Because of this blurry line, Rich suggests, it is imperative that adolescents of older age must especially be provided with comprehensive treatment programs to prevent them from developing fixed sexualized abusive interests. Because of the complicated nature of the problem of juvenile sex offending, Rich offers a holistic treatment for curing juvenile sex offenders.

The holistic model, grounded on the principle that the 'whole' of the person needs to be taken into consideration, must look into the nature of the individual "whose emotions, cognitions, behaviors and relationships are driven by multiple factors, many of which are unique to that individual" p. In other words, the approach should first and foremost focus on learning…… [Read More].

Wrong to Register Pedophiles. We see cops and robbers on television programs and in the movies, perhaps have to interact with the police ourselves when we get a speeding ticket or when our house is robbed.

These encounters are likely to leave us with the impression that the system is generally a just one, one in which the guilty are in fact punished sufficiently but not overly for the crimes that they have committed while the innocent are set free. However, in reality the nature of justice is often far more ambiguous and complex than the picture presented on television would suggest: The borders of guilt and innocence - of crime and punishment - are far greyer than many of us would like to believe.

One of the areas in which this is most obvious is in the ways in which the criminal justice system - and…… [Read More]. Victimology in Recent Years Information About the. Victimology In recent years, information about the widespread problems of sexual abuse have become more readily available and less secretive than ever before in Western culture history.

Rape and molestation are reported on the news and to police agencies with a great deal more consistency than in decades past. Although the subject remains extremely taboo in most circles, it is widely known that tens of thousands of children in America alone are the victims of sexual abuse in some form.

Not only are thousands of children being sexually abused, but many of these are permanently affected by the crimes against them and by a surrounding culture in which sexual coercion and violence are common. Because of this, many juveniles are becoming not only targets but also perpetrators of sexual violence.

It will focus discovering the treatment option, or combination of options that results in the lowest incidence of recidivism for the longest period following the treatment. It is difficult to predict future events, therefore the research will take a historical perspective on the problem.

This study will compare recidivism rates for the four most common treatments used for pedophile offenders. It will only consider treatment for those that were convicted of their crimes. It will compare those that received group therapy only, cognitive behavioral therapy only, treatment with SSRIs only, and chemical castration only. Many treatment plans include a combination of treatments. Therefore, a comparison of the most common treatment combinations found during the course of the research will be compared as well.

The most common treatment combinations include Group therapy and cognitive therapy, SSRIs and cognitive therapy, chemical castration and cognitive therapy. The most common combination treatment involves use…… [Read More]. Sexual Child Abuse Exploring the. The former has proved to be overly adverse in effect to the extent that it invalidated any positive effect.

Other drug types such as neuroleptics have also only had limited effects in treating sex offenders. Grossman, Martis and Fichtner , p. These medications reduce the serum level of testosterone, with the effect that devious sexual fantasies and behavior are also reduced. In addition, the authors cite studies indicating that such medications also reduce other sexual functions such as libido, erections, ejaculations, and sprematogenesis.

In terms of somatic treatments, the authors indicate that antiandrogen medications have so far proven to be the most effective. On the other end of the spectrum is psychological and behavioral treatment, as it specifically manifests in cognitive-behavioral interventions Grossman, Martis and Fichtner, , p. Until this…… [Read More]. They may be rapists, molesters, peeping toms or sexual deviants. A sexual deviant is convicted for rape, attempted rape, child molestation or abuse, incest, sodomy or indecent sexual assault or exposure.

A judge may, however, convict a sexual predator for a crime unrelated to the sexual act. If the offender takes a child from home without parental consent, he may be convicted for kidnapping. As of , 17 States have laws that penalize sexual predators, specifically a sub-class of sexually violent predators or SVP. Of these 17, Illinois adopted and enforces the broadest definition of SVP as sex offenders who victimize persons below 18 years old, regardless of past convictions.

The other 16 define SVPs as those who victimize others below 12 years old and who have prior sex…… [Read More]. Electronic Monitoring Devices in Corrections. House arrest or home confinement started as a program to handle particularly as a sentencing substitute meant for drunk drivers, but rapidly spread over to a number of other offender populations in a lot of jurisdictions.

Depending on the nature of crime committed by the offenders, home confinement has been designed with various degrees of stages of restrictions. These can vary from ordinary curfews to complete confinement. Specifically it will discuss why chemical castration for sex offenders is necessary to control sex offenders in the general population, and how the "three strikes" laws need to be enhanced for sex offenders.

Chemical castration is the ultimate solution for some sex offenders who cannot control their need to abuse others, and it may be the only way some offenders can actually live in communities and attempt to live productive lives outside of incarceration. The recent series of sex crimes and murders in the news points to a severe problem with sex offenders on the loose and unmonitored by local police departments. Often, the general population does not know there is a sex offender living next door or down the street until it is too late.

The problem is more widespread than many people know, and so, a workable solution to the problem needs to…… [Read More]. Catholic Crisis Sex Offenders and. Considering this, many have contended that once a priest's pedophilic drives have been revealed that "All minors are potential victims in [their] presence.

But this is analogous to saying that all women are in danger of having sexual relations with a heterosexual priest. Clearly, such an act is not necessarily a crime, as pedophilia is, but both opinions suggest that celibacy is impossible -- doubtlessly it is not.

So, the question is: The answer most certainly is, yes. But it is also essential that if there is any evidence of sexual misconduct, whether by a priest or any other member of society, it must be reported to authorities; the "family" of the Church cannot avoid this obligation.

Accordingly, the argument that, "Zero tolerance may be appropriate in cases where a serious crime is known to have been committed and…… [Read More]. Serial Child Sex Offenders Defining. In five of these nine incidents the sexual molestation took place with the presence of a male partner; while in four cases the perpetrator acted independently. Out of the five women who sexually abused children along with a male partner 1 victimized a male child, 3 victimized female children and 1 victimized their own son and daughters.

When reviewing the history of these women, the researchers found that most of them had been sexually abused by males acting independently. All of the nine female sexual perpetrators fit the profile sketched by Finkelhor and Araji and Finkelhor Neddermeyer writes, "Child sexual abuse is the greatest hidden epidemic in the world. It may be the most frightening of all crimes. Predators prey on children, using their naivete and innocence to make them the ultimate victims.

In doing so, they rob children of their childhoods, and create a lifelong impact that reverberates throughout their childhood. Child sexual abuse victims may never fully recover from the abuse.

Furthermore, every parent has heard of the nightmare scenarios; the crazy predator that abducts, tortures, rapes, and then murders a child. Frequently, news reports reveal that those individuals had a history of sexual violence, oftentimes against children, and the public wants to know why the police failed to protect that tiny last victim. The public demands laws that protect our children and our lawmakers respond with sex offender registries and residency restrictions for sex offenders, and the public sleeps safer at night, despite the fact that our…… [Read More].

Gender Distribution of Sex Offenders. There is also the idea that the child will not be believed, and the idea that a child or even an adult might tell this humiliating and painful story only to be laughed at, ignored, or turned away, is too much for many of these victims to bear Denov, An addendum to the section of Paraphilias reads: Paraphilias are almost never diagnosed in females" APA, While the DSM criteria for many different issues and problems have changed throughout the years, it still appears to be very stereotypical when it comes to the idea of sexual abuse and sexual offense, which seems to relate to the training and socialization that many people have about this particular issue and the way that it makes them feel.

Female Sex Offenders There have been extensive studies regarding child sexual abuse, however, there have been minimal attention paid to sexual abuse by females Denov During the last twenty years there has been a rise of interest in the issue of child sexual abuse with most research concluding that sexual offending is an exclusively male activity Denov In fact, early research on sexual offenders suggested that sexual offending among females was so rare that it was "of little significance" and claimed that sexual offending was "virtually unknown among women" Denov A study suggested that "pedophilia does not exist at al in women" Denov However, findings from more recent studies have begun to acknowledge the existence of female sexual offenders Denov Indeed, official statistics lends to the conclusion that female offending is a rare phenomenon Denov According to figures from the Canadian Center for…… [Read More].

The presentation is actually a review of what took place and also of what this counseling strategy is intended to accomplish working with young offenders. There is always more that can be learned and more than can be done to work with people more effectively, and part of the task of a counselor is to seek new and more effective ways of communicating the most appropriate information at the most appropriate time.

Description of Practicum Sites and Clientele a quiet counseling room in a juvenile justice center; the shades are pulled up on the two windows that look out to a grove of tall trees, a lawn and benches with no one present Clients: Female Sex Offenders Are female sex offenders more evil than male sex offenders? Biological differences in men and women have been thought to contribute to predispositions for various criminal activities. For example, hormonal differences exist between genders and cause significant alterations in behaviors.

Men generally have more testosterone which has been correlated with aggressive and competitive behavior in some studies. However, women have higher levels of estrogen and different biological compositions. Studies have also shown that women are more likely to commit crimes during their premenstrual cycle PMS. During PMS women high levels of hormones that make them more aggressive and irritable which is a state associated with low levels of estrogen coupled with higher levels of progesterone. This analysis will consider the question of whether or not there are gender differences in the occurrences of sexual offenses.

The common stereotype of sexual crimes is of males who use their…… [Read More]. Death Penalty for Sex Offenders. Execution for Committing a Non-Homicide Sex Crime The last execution of an individual found guilty for committing a non-homicide sex crime occurred 50 years ago. The use of the death penalty against such offenders was halted partly because of claims that such execution was not only cruel but also in violation of the Constitution.

Georgia , the Court ruled that executions for rape were not only cruel but also contributed to unusual punishment that infringed the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution. In its ruling on the case, the U. Supreme Court prohibited the death penalty for rape in an offense where the victim had the legal status of an adult since she was 16 years old and married. In the past few years, there have been attempts and efforts that support the reinstatement of capital punishment for committing a non-homicide sex crime.

These efforts have primarily been…… [Read More]. Megan's Law Sex Offenders Are. When the public is notified of a sexual offender moving into a neighborhood, they are often ostracized, which may exacerbate their problems and increase their risk of reoffense.

This clearly has the opposite effect of Megan's Laws intended goals. Instead of protecting citizens, the laws may cause a higher recidivism rate.

Because of the fear of being ostracized, or even harmed, by a community, sexual offenders may purposely move to communities that are less organized. Their initial hope may be to simply avoid the ostracization from Megan's Laws. However, once they've gone unnoticed in a community, these offenders may be more tempted to commit another offense, because they feel like they've…… [Read More]. Sex Offender Civil Commitment Civil Rights or Societal Rights Civil commitment is a legal process typically introduced into society for the mentally ill, or those individuals whom the Court or other professionals believe are a danger to themselves or others.

Society realizes that, at times, an individual may pose a danger to themselves or to society and be unable to make rational decisions. In fact, in most jurisdictions in the modern world, involuntary commitment procedures are specifically applied to individuals who have manifested some form of serious mental illness that acts to impair their reasoning to such extent that they are unable to make cogent and logical decisions.

Involuntary commitment may have, in the past, been used in certain situations, inappropriately, but the statutory criteria that indicates…… [Read More].

Criminal Justice Sex Offender Regulations. The website explained that the law's necessities turned on a person's finding of guilt alone a fact that a person had already had a procedurally protected occasion to challenge. Even if the person could show that he was not liable to be presently harmful, Connecticut had determined that the registry knowledge of all sex offenders had to be openly revealed.

The offender had relied only on procedural due process, not on the substantive part of the Fourteenth Amendment's safeguards. In a decision the judgment was reversed. In an opinion by ehnquist, Ch. Protecting the Community From Sex Offenders. Mental health workers offered mixed support for the treatment program. A rape crises advocate and support counselor suggested that diverting offenders out of the criminal justice system denied the victims the closure that they needed to move on with their lives.

However, two psychiatrists indicated that they believe that treatment programs can be effective, and that treatment is the appropriate course for mentally ill offenders, rather than incarceration. In addition, because they work with mental commitments, they indicated that both of them have already participated in civil commitments for pedophilic child molesters who offended within the family group, and indicated their belief that the civil commitment process actually made it easier for the victim to begin the work to repair his or her life.

Finally, it is important to consider the criminals. More than in almost any other area, the idea of possibly indefinite civil commitment for those who sexually…… [Read More]. Treatment of Sex Offenders the. When one looks at the occurrence of recidivism in offenders who have partaken in treatment programs varying from organic programs to those geared to more social and emotional support programs, it becomes clear that recidivism of sexual re-offense is relatively low, compared to those who undergo no treatment program.

However, there is still an issue with non-sexual re-offense. In addition, there is evidence that the contributing factors for adult and juvenile offenders are different. As such, it is suggested that not all offenders should receive the same treatment.

As such, blanket policies that deem all offenders as 'high risk' are neither effective nor efficient. In addition, it may take away resources from those who truly need it, such as juvenile offenders who require longterm…… [Read More]. Media reports on the number of children killed in recent years fuel this concern, including reports where a sex offender who has been released from prison at the end of his sentence takes and kills another victim. Various states have passed new laws and added restrictions on sex offenders as a result, and one of the issues now concerns notification, meaning whether the neighbors of a released sex offender should be told that the offender is living among them.

Traditionally, parole or release from prison has been a matter kept between the offender and the state, and the people in the community are not told where released sex offenders are living. Because of the notoriety accompanying some recent cases, the public now demands to be told when a sex offender is living in the community. Offender Re-Entry Program Proposal. Offender Reentry Program Proposal The concept of offender "reentry" is beginning to take the corrections world by storm -- a much overdue storm.

Reentry is the process of prisoners reentering society after a period of incarceration in a prison, jail, or detention facility. But it doesn't signify just "letting them go.

It means that they are much better off at the time of release than at the time of their admission. Anderson, S It suggests that their period of community supervision will contribute to their crime-free lifestyle. An estimated , youth are released from secure and residential facilities every year and because the length of incarceration for juveniles is shorter than for adults, a relatively greater percentage of juveniles return to the community each year.

In addition, research indicates that a small percentage of juvenile offenders commit the overwhelming majority of…… [Read More]. Commercil sex brothels in the towns of Delhi, Mumbi, Pune nd Kolkt feture young girls believed to hve been kidnpped from Nepl, ccording to the rticle.

There re n estimted fifty brothels in Pune, nd mny of them re reportedly owned by dult women from Nepl. In those 50 brothels there re bout Neplese girls working in sexul slvery, the rticle sserts. This informtion comes through report tht ws intended to get the medi interested in reporting these terrible crimes.

Hwii mn chrged with sex trfficking t Super Bowl. A mn who is lleged to be pimp from Hwii is being chrged with bringing teenge Hwiin girl to the Super Bowl in Mimi -- nd llegedly used her to mke money.

Fred Collins…… [Read More]. Treatment Programs for Sex Offenders esults of studies are inconclusive as to how often convicted sex offenders re-offend once released from prison.

Bialik, However, Wisconsin psychologist Dennis Doren states, "There is no research support for that view, period. Bialik, If even half of the convicted sex offenders are likely to commit a similar crime once released, the number is too high. One way to reduce the number of repeat offenders is to mandate participation in a treatment program.

Once an offender is convicted of a crime, their Constitutional rights should be suspended. They should lose the free will that they enjoyed as a free member of society. As such, they should be required to undergo treatment for sexual assault. It should not even…… [Read More].

Offender Tracking Systems Have Been. Despite these constraints, GPS-enabled tracking systems stand to promote public safety. In this regard, Schwabe and his associates report, "etter technology for offender tracking has the potential to increase public safety by making information on offenders easier to share and utilize" , p. These types of surveillance systems, though, introduce new privacy concerns, even for offenders, given the fundamental constitutional rights that are involved.

As Schwabe et al. As a result, they represent another case where the use of a technology by law enforcement must be balanced against individual rights and the resulting potentially conflicting public perceptions of the activity" Schwabe et al.

While the debate over civil liberties vs. Offender Profiling Essential and Effective. When gathering information it is important to document and standardize every step of the process. This will alleviate any complications when categorizing behaviors or activities and will ensure that all participants in the process are on the same playing field.

For decades, many individuals accepted new standards of security that might infringe upon their rights as citizens to freely travel, assemble and speak, yet more recent protests have been leveled against law enforcement and security measures as…… [Read More]. These strategies should focus on parolees' risks and need and conducted in a way that would motivate change. Aware of these realities, States continue to innovate and evolve reentry strategies towards this end Yahner et al.

The RI was a particularly ambitious correctional program in that it targeted the most difficult offenders for rehabilitation and incorporation into the community. These are young offenders with violent criminal histories, who are likeliest to be excluded from reentry assistance. The RI develops and implements individual plans to reintegrate chosen offenders back into society. This was the Controlling Violent Offenders Program.

Efforts begin during their incarceration and continue when they are released into the community through a focused approach by a mentor. Case workers and mentors conduct varied programs to support their transition. These include social services in substance abuse and mental health disorders and vocational services for training, education and resume development for…… [Read More].

Discrimination Against High Risk Sex. If police, along with others in society, perceive high risk sex offenders as humans who possess the potential to be rehabilitated, then incidences of possible discrimination against these individuals might decrease. Even though the researcher never generally cared about how high risk sex offenders felt, the conviction that discrimination is wrong over-rode the researcher's non-committal, and in turn, spurred the determination to expose the problem of discrimination in this area.

Not only does the researcher hope to expose the problem of discrimination shrouding a population the majority in society would prefer not to deal with, the researcher also hopes to perhaps offer a possible solution; a tinge of hope for a brighter future of fewer incidents of sexual offences against young ones in society.

Offenders The career criminal A career criminal is a person who repeatedly participates in criminal acts for both a constant and central source of income DeLisi, A career criminal uses crime as their only source of income, and they will commit offenses on a regular basis even after they have been released from prison. No form of rehabilitation can help a career criminal because they have antisocial behaviors and they refuse any form of rehabilitation.

The career criminal continuously commits offenses and even with the best criminal justice system, they are never rehabilitated. This causes a major problem to the correctional facilities because career criminals lead to overcrowding of prisons. Since these criminals have amassed many sentences, the judicial system is forced to sentence them to life imprisonment. The main reason been the short prison terms the offenders have been given before have had no effect, and giving them…… [Read More].

Unfairness of Sex Offending Laws. Current laws that govern sex offences are placed under scrutiny for their potential unfairness towards those convicted. Often, these laws are excessively harsh against those who do not pose a current danger to public safety.

There are few things as dire to the public mind as sex offences. Hence, current laws are as harsh as possible to protect what is perceived as the safety of the public and its most vulnerable members, children. For this reason, the Internet sex offender databases were created.

At the basis of these is Megan's Law, which specifically requires a state to make neighbors aware when violent sex offenders move into their community Sheeres, The law has been enacted in honor of Megan Kanka. She was a 7-year-old girl from New Jersey who was raped and murdered in The perpetrator was a twice-convicted child molester.

He moved into…… [Read More]. Criminal Justice Sexual Offender Legislation. But there is ample evidence, as documented in our recent report that unfettered access to registries can and does lead to extensive harassment and sometimes violence against former offenders Fellner, Highly publicized cases that deal with the abduction, rape, abuse, and murder of young children have led federal and state governments to introduce new laws that require stricter punishments, requirements, and prohibitions for sex offenders.

Increasingly rigorous and over-inclusive necessities for sex offenders are almost unanimously accepted and easy for legislators and politicians to support because they are popular among the general public.

As Congress passes law after law cracking down on sex offenders, experts and officials question whether the requirements of those acts even work to achieve the goals of legislators Farley, The most recent act, the Adam Walsh Act AWA , raises many questions as Congress again expands punishments and requirements of sex offenders. Assessment and Treatment of Criminal Offenders.

Treatment of Criminal Offenders As a clinician, how can you apply the knowledge you gained from this course to more effectively serve your clients? A connection has been established by researchers between brutal and violent susceptibility to impair a particular area of the brain. Till date, several evidence, have assisted to bring into limelight the shady aspect of human attitude and might pave the way for important interference. For instance, several types of spontaneous aggression might be a result of defective balancing of emotion within the prefrontal cortex of the brain, the centre of superior intellectual activities like judgment, analysis and substantial control of impulses.

The degree of malfunctions in the core circuits of the brain related to aggressive behavior and if these circuits are capable of being repaired is of course debatable. The racist fantasies and unusual interest in sexual activities in the developing countries along with poor law enforcement have made way for sex tourism.

Though some may have exaggerated the magnitude of this immoral industry, more than one million children are trapped inside this trade every year Vrancken and Chetty, The Paris Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic Agreement , the first of its kind, aimed at protecting female children and others who were forced to go abroad for sex trade.

It operated through border watching, supervising agencies and repatriating or employing the girls Vrancken and Chetty, Then other national and international laws…… [Read More]. Shoud Sex and Violence on. Televised violence can in some cases be harmless, mainly because film directors overstress it to the point where it becomes obvious that it cannot possibly take place in real life.

The negative effect of televised violence is apparently highlighted by graphicness, as people are influenced to a larger degree if what they see on television is explicit. Images of blood and gore can be much more harmful when presented in a high-detail vivid nature Potter, and Smith As the level of realness increases, the level of shock also increases, making it possible for viewers to feel as if they…… [Read More].

Juvenile Offenders and Reoffending. For more than one hundred years, states held the belief that the juvenile justice system acted as a vehicle to safeguard the public via offering a structure that enables the rehabilitation of children growing into adulthood.

For example, the states saw them as less blameworthy with a higher capacity for longstanding, true change. Therefore, states have founded a distinct court system especially for the handling and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders along with a separate and different youth-based service delivery system that offers additional aid not found in the adult justice system. The juvenile justice system offers the study of criminal justice an important area to develop proper rehabilitation techniques that will help juvenile offenders and reoffenders find a means…… [Read More].

Psychopathic Female Offenders Female Psychopathy. In the final results of their study, women psychopaths scored higher in the categories "Superficial," "deceitful," "impulsive," and "poor behavioral controls.

A higher prevalence of psychopathy is expected, since severe violence and psychopathy correlates strongly," according to the report. In another journal study, "Psychopathy in Adolescent Female Offenders: Alcohol Use and Sex Crimes. Social science researchers can use either qualitative or quantitative strategies to develop informed and timely answers to their research questions, but these two approaches involve analyzing fundamentally different data sets. On the other hand, social science researchers can use quantitative strategies such as observational studies, correlational research, experimental, quasi-experimental and survey designs Neuman, While both qualitative and quantitative research questions seek to gain new insights into a given phenomenon, there are also basic differences between the types of data that are used.

By definition, quantitative research involves the analysis of numeric data in some form while qualitative research uses words, graphics and other data to formulate answers to guiding research questions Neuman, These differences mean that designing a research question from a…… [Read More]. Time to time changes in law as well as crime varies with the intentions to control criminal conduct and mitigate the troubles experienced by victimized people. Sexual exploitation is one such classification of wrongdoing that has been stamped by intense changes in public perception and enactment of laws.

How legislation has led to an increase in number to sexual offenders? Offenders of sexual crimes are wholly abhorred, loathed, and seen as risks to the society at large who need to be bolted up and held under reconnaissance. Following the huge publicity of cries…… [Read More]. Offenders the Ritualistic Offender Causes. This is portrayed in the unequal bargaining power that exists in the various sexual encounters in the societies that are increasingly patriarchal. The fact that the traditional male privilege has continuously faded away through time has resulted in the increasing use of violence in order to ensure that women are put women "in their place" as indicated by Sheffield The resulting fear of violence has therefore made women to modify their way of living since they are depraved of certain fundamental freedoms.

From Concealing to Confronting Sex Abuse. Concealing to Confronting Sex Abuse It is one thing to consider child sexual abuse from the perspective of the criminal offender. Sexual abuse almost certainly qualifies as an anti-social behavior that is transmitted from generation to generation.

Although this issue was not discussed in any of the articles, there is simply far too much evidence that child sexual abusers are very likely to have, themselves, been abused as children to ignore the idea that this behavior is transmitted from generation to generation, abuser to victim. In fact, child sexual offenders seem to have a modified version of the subculture of violence, but the subculture is actually one of sexual violence towards children.

In this isolated culture, the sexual victimization of children is normalized. In fact, the offender may minimize the damage that he experienced at the hands of his…… [Read More]. Treatment of Women Offenders The. CAEFS takes the position that women with mental health problems do not belong in prisons and that the treatment, support and assistance they need should be provided to them in the community, rather than in prison. Recommendation 2 The above statement clearly outlines central problem areas that should be the focus of investigation.

As this study and others emphasize, women who enter prison with mental issues and problems require intensive support. However, this is at present not the case and many women prisoners who suffer from mental problems are not afforded the necessary support and adequate intensive therapy.

Some critics also suggest that alternatives be investigated for women with mental issues. The public need for the appearance of retribution may deter government from considering alternatives to sentencing persons with mental disabilities to imprisonment. Premature Sexualisation Public hysteria or "sex panic" involving the "sexualisation" of children may be getting a decent outing in Australia at the present moment, but it is certainly nothing new: The more recent alarmism -- typified by Emma Rush and Andrea La Nauze's discussion paper on the "sexualisation of children" in the media, or Miranda Devine's predictable whipping-up of outrage over the ill Henson photo exhibition -- is nothing new in this regard.

At this point, the new youth-related sex scandals can barely keep up with advances in technology, as the Saint Kilda's schoolgirl suddenly resorts to apologizing via YouTube, after conducting a…… [Read More]. Biological Sex Violence the Role. Therefore, the presence of high levels of testosterone is often thought to be one of the most influential hormones on criminal behavior and would explain why men are disproportionately involved in more criminal behaviors than women.

Other hormones have also been linked to criminal behaviors as well. For example, low levels of a hormone, known as cortisol, have been linked to offenders that have shown patterns of chronic offending. The reduced amount of cortisol has been shown to decrease anxiety levels.

An individual who does not feel any anxiety may be more likely to commit crimes because they would be less likely to let their anxiety about committing a crime stop them before the crime is actually committed.

Therefore feeling anxiety towards committing a crime could stop an individual from committing it, however if a person doesn't have anxiety due to low cortisol levels then the body does not have…… [Read More]. Must Sex Involve Commitment. Relationships are complex and can be complicated by a longing for a lasting commitment.

For this reason, many have opted to simply have sex without any type of commitment sex with no strings attached. Others hold the belief that sex is a pledge to be committed. The purpose of this discussion is to explain why sex must involve commitment. This discussion will seek to prove that sex should involve commitment.

Sex without Commitment Some individuals have the belief that sex without commitment is acceptable and that it will not have adverse affects. They contend that sex without commitment is easier for everyone involved and averts problems that can occur in a committed relationship.

Sex without commitment has always existed in some form or another but in recent years, sex without commitment…… [Read More].

The reforming of young offenders. The use of the concept and practice has emerged in its own right within the juvenile justice realm. The efficacy of restorative justice when it comes to juvenile offenders is a very important topic because being able to top the patterns of crime, addition and deviance in general is something that should absolutely be stopped and regulated early on in an offender's life due to how hard it becomes to do the same as an offender enters and reenters the justice system over the course of their life.

It is important to create and retain a connection between these young offenders and the victims that suffer at their hands so that the connection is not lost and the offender becomes ambivalent or even hostile about the feelings, suffering and toil that their crimes take…… [Read More]. Executing Female Offenders and the. Other factors, however, indicate greater complexity.

Women are less likely to represent or possess these characteristics than men and, therefore, subsequently are figured less often on Death Row. However, it is also very likely that simple sexism plays a part. This is particularly likely when it is seen that those tending more towards the death penalty - i.

In fact, these groups have sometimes even prominently militated against women receiving the death sentence, as was the case with Pat Robertson and…… [Read More]. Internet Sex Offenders Today's technology has allowed for many great advances in society that allow for great benefit and good. The internet and instant communication abilities have provided new landscapes for the human species to evolve and grow. The power of technology must be wielded with temperance and wisdom however due to the always present threat of those who wish to prey and feed off the weakness of other people.

The purpose of this essay is to describe specific strategies that are most effective with sex offenders in the community. This discussion will first discuss the newly formed landscape in which criminal justice professionals find themselves in today and how technology has affected their ability to successfully perform their duties. This discussion will also include ideas about legislation and technology that can be used in the efforts to deter these criminals from committing future sex crimes.

Sustained Treatment Can Have on. The main values that are apparent in this article are first, an empirical adherence and promotion of objectivity in dealing with a topic that is highly fraught with many emotions, and secondly a true desire to bring about the betterment of society and the individuals within it. The authors stress at one point that it is understood that sex offenders can never be "cured' of their impulses, and that an acceptance of this fact is precisely what allows them to be able to learn how to control these impulses and desires in order to refrain from being a danger to society or anyone else in it.

That is, it is through bringing objectivity to bear on the issue that the issue can actually be successfully addressed, and the research that is presented in this article certainly backs this perspective up. Objectivity and empirical examination, in other words, are some of…… [Read More].

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Psychoanalytical. The therapist encourages openness and honesty on the part of the patient. This parent-like role gives the therapist the power to influence the patient positively, and to interpret his self-defeating behavior and distorted beliefs about reality.

The patient must be able and willing to profit from it. Since offenders are assumed to suffer from denial, lack of motivation to change, and unwillingness to cooperate with voluntary treatment, individual psychotherapy is generally thought to be ineffective.

Suspicion and lack of rapport in the criminal justice context also interfere with effective use of the method. There are few reports on individual psychotherapy with sex offenders against children. Group psychotherapy gives members the opportunity to share experiences, gain insight, learn to control unacceptable impulses, and find acceptance.

Although used more commonly than individual psychotherapy, the effectiveness is unknown. There have been no replicable, controlled studies. One review found that studies were based on…… [Read More]. Megan's Law Is the Common. History of the Law and Federal Facts On the other hand, rights activists and organizations point out that the sexual offender is treated unfairly in a legal sense. As one study on the subject notes, the sexual offender registry is a "… double punishment of sex criminals and is applicable to too many offenses.

For example, depending on the area, "sex offenders" can also include those guilty of streaking, burglary, surveillance, and kidnapping" Does the Sex Offender egistry Offend Justice? This view is also supported by groups like Human ights Watch.

They posit the view that while the seriousness of these types of crimes are appreciated, there are a number of variables that have to be taken into account in applying a law like Megan's Law. These include aspects such as the fact that many people are categorized as sexual offenders for relatively minor crimes, and may…… [Read More]. The mpasse Between mproving Enforcement Technology and Eroding Privacy Rights for Convicted Sex Offenders Megan's Law was passed in and immediately ignited a flurry of disagreement, both over its likely effectiveness and over its Constitutional Compliance.

Requiring each state to compile Sex Offender Registries and to provide Community Notification when convicted sex offenders move into a community, Megan's Law is designed to improve child welfare and safety, but also ignites intense disagreement over the preservation of privacy rights. The present research evaluates the role played by technology in the ongoing dispute between public safety and privacy rights.

While its advocates perceive Megan's Law as a critical law enforcement tool that can protect communities, families and their children from the dangers of sexual predators, its critics argue that the law violates constitutional privacy rights and prevents previously convicted sex offenders from achieving rehabilitation or effectively reentering society. Black's Law Dictionary Child. Moreover, it is unclear whether Jim has attempted to reestablish any meaningful contact with his children; rather, his entire focus has been on becoming a better person.

While there is certainly nothing wrong with that goal in and of itself it is, after all, a universal human quality , he appears to have pursued this goal to the total exclusion of making any substantive reparations to his family.

Finally, it is interesting that Jim somehow feels compelled to tell others -- including potential employers -- about his criminal past and his current status in treatment, as if this ongoing commitment to all-out honesty somehow absolves him from a deceptive and duplicitous history, or at least helps to explain it which it does if one is interested.

According to Jim, "Entering into society again was very difficult. I had lost my business, my friends and was now divorced. After leaving jail, I…… [Read More]. Marked Increase in the Number.

I also predicted that the difference in heterosocial competence between child molesters and non-sex-offenders would be significantly larger than the difference between rapists and non-sex-offenders. This hypothesis was also supported Dreznick, ,pg The findings of the meta-analysis were consistent with this hypothesis.

The author of this meta-analysis concluded that because child molesters have significant problems with heterosocial skills social skills training may assist in the treatment of these individuals. However the author points out that the treatment of heterosocial skills is only one component of an overall treatment program.

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While according to statistics, sex offenders are less likely to get arrested for any crime (43% against 68%), they are more likely to commit the same kind of crime – % versus %. An average age of sex offenders’ victims is less than 13, and for rape victims – around

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Sex offenders constitute a heterogeneous group of individuals. The term sex offender describes one who has committed any of a variety of offenses, including rape, child sexual abuse, possession of child pornography, exhibitionism (flashing), and even consensual sex among teenagers.

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CENTER FOR SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT An Overview of Sex Offender Treatment for a Non–Clinical Audience A Training Curriculum. Search: Section 3: Elements of Sex Offender–Specific Treatment Outline TOPIC: Introduction 5 min. Learning Objectives; TOPIC: A Framework for Thinking about Sex Offender–Specific Treatment 25 min. Recidivism of Sex Offenders Research Paper vii Executive Summary Executive Summary For many in the community, sex offenders are seen as among the most dangerous kinds of offender in terms of both the impact that their offending has on victims’ lives and because of concerns about.

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Sex offenders outline Lankston January 22, One easy-to-use free nationwide search for sex offender management understanding sex offenses may be enhanced by johnie h. Anyone who uses this web site is the public a 70 blow job access to determine what would constitute a typical criminal. CENTER FOR SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT Understanding Sex Offenders: An Introductory Curriculum A Training Curriculum. A Project of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice Section 2: The Nature and Scope of Sex Offending 40 Minutes OUTLINE. Topic Title Duration; TOPIC: The Nature and Scope of Sex Offending.