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Writing IEP Goals

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How to Write IEP Goals: A Guide for Parents and Professionals
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IEP Goals for Writing - With Samples

After learning how to write great IEP goals for written expression below, you can use the examples below to create great goals for your child, especially if he has dysgraphia or dyslexia. Your child must hold information in his brain, recall phonemes, syllables, and sight word spellings for writing. Then he uses motor planning skills to get his ideas into written form.

Thus, your child needs goals for each writing skill that makes writing hard for him. Your child may also have a lot problem with handwriting itself.

Writing by hand might not allow your child to express himself at the same level at which he thinks. You see this when a child uses big words when talking, but writes at a much lower level.

In that case, setting goals that include keyboarding, dictation, a scribe, or the use of dictation software helps. Then he is ready to learn how to multiply and divide. Before you can develop measurable IEP goals, the child's skills must be measured objectively.

Objective data about a child's skills are the baselines for goals. This data also should show progress, or lack of it, when measured over time. We tend to use the terms "goal" and "objective" to mean the same thing. In IEPs, there is a distinction between them.

We write annual goals. Objectives are the short-term steps to reach goals. In , the report of experts on the National Reading Panel explained the research in reading. This included more than 10, research studies. All this information helped form a better understanding of reading and what works in teaching see National Reading Panel.

The findings from the research changed reading instruction forever. The results of the research were included there, too. Reading instruction requires explicit, intensive, and systematic instruction in the five necessary components of reading instruction:.

Learning to read requires a child to learn specific skills in sequence. Children who have difficulty learning to read have deficiencies in phonemic awareness skills. A child with weak phonemic awareness skills will have difficulty learning phonics skills. This child will not be a fluent reader. If the child does not master phonics and fluency, he will not be able to master vocabulary and reading comprehension. One young teacher made a banner to illustrate the sequence of reading skills. This came from the specialized program she was using.

As students learned a skill, she would advance them down the banner. This made it easy for her to write specific reading goals. After children master math operations skills adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing , they learn how to use reasoning to solve word problems.

The intended outcome might have been for Jane to solve two-part word problems. But this goal says she needs to learn to use problem-solving strategies. The goal does not state whether she will be able to solve problems.

Worse, this goal includes all math operations adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing , making the goal overly broad. It is not specific or measurable. It does not use action words, and is not realistic or time-limited. According to Jane's IEP, using objects helps her to solve problems. A better goal for Jane might be:. Using real money, Jane will be able to show how much money she has after she receives two weeks of allowance, and how much money she will have left after she buys one object, with 75 percent accuracy measured twice weekly each quarter.

Achievement in written language requires many skills. Mechanics help make thoughts clear. Word usage and sentence structure help make the writing interesting. Good thought expression sends the desired message. Jane needs to write a paragraph, with a topic sentence and at least 4 detail sentences, on one given topic using her editing checklist measured twice monthly. By the way it was written, the intended outcome is that Jane only "needs" to write a paragraph to meet the goal.

Jane will write and edit a five-sentence paragraph that addresses a given subject twice a month. Each paragraph will include a topic sentence, at least four details and a conclusion. She will earn a score of 75 percent or higher on a writing rubric for each writing assignment. There will be at least four writing assignments per quarter. Each paragraph will include a topic sentence, at least four details and a conclusion. She will earn a score of 75 percent or higher on a writing rubric for each writing assignment.

There will be at least four writing assignments per quarter. Rubrics are useful scoring tools that measure a child's progress. A writing rubric includes the criteria and standards used to assess a child's performance on writing assignments.

The revised goal is s pecific and m easurable. It uses a ction words, is r ealistic, and t ime-limited. Ruth Heitin is a Special Education Consultant serving students with special needs and their parents — evaluating students, consulting with families and schools, and serving as an expert witness in legal proceedings.

Heitin's doctoral degree is in Special Education Administration. She has been certified as a general education teacher, special education teacher and elementary school principal.

She is also a contributor to the Wrightslaw newsletter, the Special Ed Advocate , as well as authoring articles in other educational publications. Sponsored Links About these ads Consumer Tips. Ruth Heitin We all set goals for ourselves, whether we are aware of it or not. S pecific M easurable Use A ction words R ealistic T ime-limited Educational research will help you identify essential skills in the core academic subjects of reading, writing, and math. Reading In , the report of experts on the National Reading Panel explained the research in reading.

Reading instruction requires explicit, intensive, and systematic instruction in the five necessary components of reading instruction: Phonemic Awareness — the ability to hear and sequence sounds in spoken words. Phonics — the relationship between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language.

Fluency — the ability to read text accurately and quickly. Vocabulary — the words students must know to communicate effectively. Comprehension — the ability to understand and gain meaning from what has been read. Math After children master math operations skills adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing , they learn how to use reasoning to solve word problems.

One of my clients, Jane, had this math goal in her IEP: A better goal for Jane might be: Writing Achievement in written language requires many skills. In Jane's IEP, her writing goal read: So, if Jane writes that paragraph, has she achieved that goal? A better writing goal for Jane is: Tip Rubrics are useful scoring tools that measure a child's progress.

About the author Dr. Visit WETA's educational web sites: Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter.

How About Some Examples!

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IEP goals in written expression should include individual goals in various areas including content, fluency and focus. The following sample goals for writing can be used for primary level students with needs in the area of written expression.

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IEP Goals and Objectives Bank (Redmond, Oregon) English E1 Comprehension (readiness) E2 Decoding and Word Recognition (readiness) (readiness) E5 Print Awareness And Letter Knowledge (readiness) E6 Reading Accuracy And Fluency E7 Reading Comprehension E8 Writing E9 Writing E10 Writing E11 Writing E12 Writing E13 Writing E14 Writing .

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IEP Goals for Written Expression are critical for your child's progress in writing skills. Learn to write GREAT IEP goals for writing & see example goals. Goals are all part of writing the Individualized Education Plan-Program (IEP). More importantly, writing good goals that meet the specific child's need are critical to the process. A large number of educational jurisdictions tend to .

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Learning how to write individualized IEP goals is an important first step in developing your child's IEP. IEP goals should be SMART (specific, measurable, use action words, realistic, and time-limited) and based on research-based educational practice. WRITING MEASURABLE IEP GOALS. AT THIS SESSION, YOU WILL LEARN The four components of a measurable goal. Terms to use that are measurable. How to write clear goal descriptions.