These hemp crops, of course, were grown for industrial use only and there is no indication that our forefathers were using their crops recreationally! Today the hemp grown for industrial purposes have extremely low levels of THC Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol delta 9-THC , the active component in cannabis therefore it is impossible to get high from such hemp grown for industrial use. During the Colonial Era Americans were legally bound to grow hemp.
During the Second World War the federal government subsidized hemp and US farmers grew about a million acres of hemp as part of that program. Hemp is extraordinary in its diversity. There are over 25, different uses for the hemp plant!
Almost any product that can be made from wood, cotton, or petroleum including plastics can be made from hemp. FN6 In fact, hemp plastics are biodegradable!! Besides its diversity, the practicality of utilizing hemp to its fullest potential is clear. It should be noted that the selling hemp products are not illegal and in fact the U.
Interestingly, the congressional hearings on marijuana prohibition lasted all of two hours in direct contract to most congressional hearings on new laws which last for days and days. There were exactly three bodies of testimonies testifying at these hearings. The first was Commissioner Harry Anslinger, the newly named commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics who happened to be appointed by his uncle-in-law, Andrew Mellon, who was the Secretary of the United States Treasury.
Not surprisingly he was working from a text which he had not written himself but which had been written for him by a New Orleans District Attorney. Reading directly from this text Commissioner Anslinger told the Congressmen at the hearings, "Marihuana is an addictive drug which produces in its users insanity, criminality, and death. The second body of testimony to testify at this congressional hearing were industrial spokesmen. The first of these spokesmen was, believe it or not, a man representing the rope industry.
This industry representative testified that it was cheaper to import from the Far East the hemp needed to make ropes and therefore the United States no longer needed to grow any more hemp to make rope. Interestingly, five years later, in , the United States was cut off from its sources of hemp in the Far East and, since we needed a lot of hemp to outfit our ships with rope for World War II, the Federal Government went into the business of growing hemp on gigantic farms throughout the Midwest and the South.
The only industrial spokesperson who objected to the Marihuana Tax Act at all was the birdseed representative who sung the praises of hemp seeds for the birds coats. Based on this objection the birdseed industry got an exemption from the Marihuana Tax Act for "denatured seeds.
The third body of testimony were two representatives of the medical field. The first testimony came from a pharmacologist who claimed that he had injected the active ingredient in marihuana into the brains of dogs, two of which died. When asked by the Congressmen if he choose dogs for the similarity of their reactions to that of humans the answer of the pharmacologist was, "I wouldn't know, I am not a dog psychologist. The second testimony on behalf of the medical field came from the Chief Counsel to the American Medical Association, Dr.
Woodward was the hearing to testify at the request of the American Medical Association. His exact quote to the congressmen was, "The American Medical Association knows of no evidence that marihuana is a dangerous drug.
The act did not itself criminalize the possession or usage of marijuana but instead levied a tax of approximately one dollar on anyone who dealt commercially in marijuana.
The intended result and indeed, the result of the Marihuana Tax Act was to effectively make it too risky for anyone to deal in the substance. During the war years the Bureau chose to concentrate on opiates and abandoned responsibility for most marijuana law enforcement to the states.
In the post-war years, however, there was found to be a significant increase in narcotic drug abuse and the public began to be concerned with the spread of narcotic addiction, particularly among young persons.
Congressional furor was aroused by the assertion that the use of marihuana inevitably led to the use of these harder drugs, particularly heroin. It was at this time, for the first time in federal drug legislation, that marijuana and the narcotic drugs were lumped together, since the Act provided uniform penalties for the Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act Boggs Act, ibid. The states followed the federal lead.
Then, in , Congress passed the Narcotic Control Act, escalating the penalties still further. Once again the individual states followed suit. The current Controlled Substances Act CSA , Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of is a consolidation of numerous previous laws regulating the manufacture and distribution of narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic steroids, and chemicals used in the illicit production of controlled substances.
The CSA places all substances that are regulated under existing federal law into one of five schedules. This placement is based upon the substance's medicinal value, harmfulness, and potential for abuse or addiction. Schedule I is reserved for the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use, and, of course, is the current classification of marijuana.
Just one year's savings would cover the full cost of anti-terrorism port security measures required by the Maritime Transportation Security Act of A further comprehensive study which reports and analyzes national arrest data between and is, "Crimes of Indiscretion: This report includes a detailed examination of the fiscal costs associated with the enforcement of marijuana laws at the state and county level.
FN22 The findings include but are not limited to the following: However, these increased arrest rates have not been associated with a reduction in marijuana use, reduced marijuana availability, a reduction in the number of new marijuana users, reduced treatment admissions, reduced emergency room mentions of marijuana, any reduction in marijuana potency, or any increases in the price of marijuana.
Decriminalization saves a tremendous amount in enforcement costs. Any discussion of marijuana should begin with the fact that there have been numerous official reports and studies, every one of which has concluded that marijuana poses no great risk to society and should not be criminalized.
There are many conflicting views on how marijuana affects the mind and body. That in itself speaks volumes. It is also interesting to note that, to the best of anyone's knowledge, not one person has ever died from a marijuana overdose. That most definitely cannot be said of alcohol.
The La Guardia Report is a treasure trove of information regarding the affects of marijuana on a person sociologically, medically, psychologically and pharmacologically. LaGuardia appointed a special committee to make a thorough sociological and scientific investigation upon the advice of The New York Academy of Medicine.
This study is viewed by many experts as the best study of any drug viewed in its social, medical, and legal context. The committee covered thousands of years of the history of marijuana. They have helped manage pain and reduced muscle spasms in MS patients. Few of these studies, though, followed a controlled clinical trial.
This is considered the best type of trial because it compares a drug to another drug, or to a placebo a "fake" treatment. Also, most of the studies had fewer than patients. He's a psychiatrist at the Mayo Clinic and author of a review of medical marijuana research.
Based on medical science, it seems possible that marijuana-based treatments could be developed for some conditions; but federal restrictions make it hard for the research to advance, Bostwick says.
A series of studies allowed by the DEA came to a conclusion similar to Bostwick's. The studies also showed that inhaling marijuana through a vaporizer or a spray was a better way to deliver it than by smoking. Among the unanswered questions about medical marijuana is the risk to users. Another drug, Sativex , is in clinical trials in the U. It is a combination of chemicals from the marijuana herb and is sprayed into the mouth.
Sativex is approved in more than 20 countries to treat muscle spasms from MS and cancer pain. No single organization tracks all research studies of medical marijuana and marijuana-based drugs and herbs. The following review is a summary of controlled studies since Patients were less agitated and ate better after treatment.
Two animal studies show that chemicals in marijuana may help symptoms of some forms of autism. Young adults who use marijuana will result in structural and functional deficits of the brain.
Altering the structural and functional deficits of the brain can cause development of weakened verbal and communication skills, lowered learning capabilities and a shortened attention span. In addition to the effects on the brain, smoking marijuana can be hazardous to developing lungs causing your lungs to become weakened and cause respiratory distress.
Marijuana smoke contains fifty to seventy percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke. Marijuana limits your brain's effectiveness, slows your thinking and impairs your coordination. A number of studies have also shown an association between chronic marijuana use and increased rates of anxiety, depression and schizophrenia.
When marijuana is smoked, the effects of it begin immediately and can last for about three hours. When marijuana is eaten in foods such as brownies and cookies, the effects of marijuana take longer to begin but the effects last longer as a result.
When high doses of marijuana are smoked or eaten, users can experience hallucinations, delusions, impaired memory and disorientation. Within a few minutes of smoking marijuana the heart begins to pump more rapidly causing the blood pressure to decrease. Marijuana can cause the heart to beat twenty to fifty times faster per minute. Scientists have found out that because the blood pressure has decreased and there is a higher heart rate that there is risk for a heart attack four times higher within the first hour of smoking marijuana.
Smoking marijuana also causes the burning and stinging of the mouth and throat and heavy coughing. Regular marijuana smokers can experience same respiratory problems as tobacco smokers. When experiencing the same problems as tobacco smokers, marijuana users can expect daily cough and phlem production, frequent chest illness, increased risk of lung infection and obstructed airways. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the main effects of marijuana on mood vary and may include euphoria, calmness, anxiety, or paranoia.
Getting high or "stoned" is the reason most pot smokers use marijuana. Other short-term psychological effects of pot include Distorted sense of time, Paranoia, Magical or "random" thinking, Short-term memory loss, Anxiety and depression. These psychological signs of using pot also generally ease after a few hours. But residual effects can last for days.
The risks of smoking marijuana go up with heavy use. Although the link has never been proven, many experts believe heavy pot smokers are at increased risk for lung cancer. Heavy marijuana use lowers men's testosterone levels and sperm count and quality. Pot could decrease libido and fertility in some heavy-smoking men.
Contrary to what many pot smokers may tell you, marijuana is addictive, at least psychologically. Even among occasional users, one in twelve can feel withdrawal symptoms if they can't get high when they want to.
Among heavy pot smokers, the rates of dependence are higher. Many experts also believe that marijuana is physically addictive.
Marijuana Effects Teens and Their Mind - The purpose of my paper is to prove that marijuana effects teens and their mind. Marijuana is a tobacco-like substance produced by drying the leaves, stems, flower tops of the Cannabis sativa (Indian Hemp) plant (Fact Sheet, 1).
Legalizing Marijuana The purpose of this paper is to discuss marijuana and compare both sides of the issue of legalizing marijuana. We have two opposite opinions fighting each other, those who are pro marijuana and those who are anti-marijuana.
Marijuana is a misunderstood drug. Many assume that the usage of marijuana, or cannabis, is dangerous, but it can be the exact opposite. So why is the legalization of marijuana in the United States such a problem for many people today? Considered to be . Here given is a professionally written academic essay example on the issue of legalization of marijuana. Feel free to use this template to your advantage.
Medical Marijuana Essay. Week 9 Research Paper Medical Marijuana COM/ August 11, Medical Marijuana ~“Marijuana is the finest anti-nausea medication known to science, and our leaders have lied about this consistently. Jun 09, · As a former marijuana consumer and current administrator for a marijuana activism website, I strongly believe that marijuana should be legalized for all uses. Using marijuana for medicinal purposes is not a recent considerableaps.tks: 2.