The introductory paragraph accomplishes three purposes: Often, the thesis sentence states a claim that consists of two or more related points.
For example, a thesis might read:. You are telling the reader what you think are the most important points which need to be addressed in your essay. For this reason, you need to relate the introduction directly to the question or topic. A strong thesis is essential to a good essay, as each paragraph of your essay should be related back to your thesis or else deleted. Thus, the thesis establishes the key foundation for your essay.
A strong thesis not only states an idea, but also uses solid examples to back it up. A weak thesis might be:. Then, you could separate your body paragraphs into three sections: Often, writing an introductory paragraph is the most difficult part of writing an essay.
Facing a blank page can be daunting. Here are some suggestions for getting started. First, determine the context in which you want to place your topic. In other words, identify an overarching category in which you would place your topic, and then introduce your topic as a case-in-point. For example, if you are writing about dogs, you may begin by speaking about friends, dogs being an example of a very good friend.
Alternatively, you can begin with a sentence on selective breeding, dogs being an example of extensive selective breeding. You can also begin with a sentence on means of protection, dogs being an example of a good way to stay safe. The context is the starting point for your introductory paragraph. The topic or thesis sentence is the ending point.
Once the starting point and ending point are determined, it will be much easier to connect these points with the narrative of the opening paragraph. A good thesis statement, for example, if you are writing about dogs being very good friends, you could put:.
Here, X, Y, and Z would be the topics explained in your body paragraphs. In the format of one such instance, X would be the topic of the second paragraph, Y would be the topic of the third paragraph, and Z would be the topic of the fourth paragraph, followed by a conclusion, in which you would summarize the thesis statement. Identifying a context can help shape the topic or thesis. Here, the writer decided to write about dogs. Then, the writer selected friends as the context, dogs being good examples of friends.
This shaped the topic and narrowed the focus to dogs as friends. Examples The Domino Effect: Older When Should People Retire? Animal Testing Animal Testing: No Should Parents Pay? Less Valuable Now Education: Too Many People with Degrees! Do Degrees Make Us Happy? Spending on Art Spending on Art: Telecommuting Who learns faster? Parts of an Essay Essays, like sandwiches or burgers, are divided into different parts. These parts are the: The Body The Body is the main part of the essay.
Some introductions, however, may require a short transitional sentence at the end to flow naturally into the rest of your essay. If you find yourself pausing or stumbling between the paragraphs, work in a transition to make the move smoother.
You can also have friends or family members read your easy. If they feel it's choppy or jumps from the introduction into the essay, see what you can do to smooth it out. Read essays by other writers in your discipline. What constitutes a good introduction will vary widely depending on your subject matter.
A suitable introduction in one academic discipline may not work as well in another. Take note of conventions that are commonly used by writers in that discipline. Make a brief outline of the essay based on the information presented in the introduction. Then look at that outline as you read the essay to see how the essay follows it to prove the writer's thesis statement.
Keep your introduction short and simple. Generally, your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. If you're writing a page paper, your introduction should be approximately 1 page.
Always follow your instructor's guidelines for length. These rules can vary at times based on genre or form of writing. Write your introduction after you write your essay. Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction. It's easier to present a summary of your essay when you've already written it.
For example, you may realize that you're using a particular term that you need to define in your introduction. Revise your introduction to fit your essay. If you wrote your introduction first, go back and make sure your introduction provides an accurate roadmap of your completed paper.
Even if you wrote an outline, you may have deviated from your original plans. Given the shortness of the introduction, every sentence should be essential to your reader's understanding of your essay. Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline.
While it's short, it conveys a lot of information. The next couple of sentences create a bridge between your hook and the overall topic of the rest of your essay. End your introduction with your thesis statement and a list of the points you will make in your essay to support or prove your thesis statement.
I would first narrow your subject down to one sport so you can be more focused. Note that this will likely be an informative essay. After you do this, an interesting hook statement may be an anecdote describing an intense moment in that chosen sport to get your audience interested.
This can be made up or from your own experience with the sport. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 6. An effective hook statement to start your essay about this topic may be a statistic about HIV, or perhaps an anecdote about someone facing this diagnosis and trying to make positive lifestyle changes for their health. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5. This is easier said than done of course, but a good intro starts with a quote, fact, or brief story that interests the reader.
If it interested you while reading or researching, it's a great thing to start with. Just keep it short and it will be great. Not Helpful 38 Helpful Skip it, write down your main points, and build the body of your essay.
Once you know all the areas you want to cover, think about what links them all together, and what the main thing you're trying to convey is. Not Helpful 27 Helpful Start off with a mini thesis which states what the body paragraph is talking about. Not Helpful 28 Helpful Start with the basics -- what do you think about the topic?
What argument can you make about it? Once you have an argument, start jotting down the evidence for the argument. This evidence will make up your paragraphs later on.
If it's easiest, just skip the introduction now and come back once you're done -- you'll have all the ideas already drawn out. My assignment is to summarize an already-written essay: To summarize, you really need to condense what's there and put everything into your own words -- this will include the introduction. It's fine to use the content of the introduction, but make sure not to copy the writing word-for-word.
Not Helpful 16 Helpful Start with something like "Heart disease is a serious condition that takes the lives of number Americans every year. Maybe something about how we can encourage more people to go to the doctor to get a diagnosis before it becomes more serious. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Generally, one starts an essay with an interesting quote, fact, or story to make the reader want to continue reading.
Did you know that every year? Then you can begin to talk about background information and a thesis. A thesis usually lays out a brief summary of the points you want to make and includes your position on the topic. Dogs are ideal pets because of their loyalty to humans and their great trainability.
Not Helpful 14 Helpful How can I write the introduction for an essay on the effects of peer pressure among teenagers? Talk about the problem first, this way the reader can understand why you are talking about effects and so the reader gets a good background on the subject. Not Helpful 3 Helpful
Every essay or assignment you write must begin with an introduction. It might be helpful to think of the introduction as an inverted pyramid. In such a pyramid, you begin by presenting a broad introduction to the topic and end by making a more focused point about that topic in your thesis statement.
The introduction of any paper should normally: Not start with a definition Not provide a lot of background or factual information (that should be saved for the body of the paper).
Parts of an Essay Introduction Paragraph What is an introduction paragraph? The introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of your essay. What does it do? Parts of the Introduction: The introduction is the beginning of an essay. It does the same job for an essay as the topic sentence does for a paragraph. In a paragraph, the topic sentence tells the reader what the subject of the paragraph will be and how it will be developed. In an essay, the introduction, which can be one or two paragraphs.
The introduction opens the essay. It is a short paragraph – usually about THREE sentences. In an argument essay, it usually describes or summarizes both sides of the present situation and says what you are going to do in your essay. Read more about Introductions here. The Body is the main part of. Parts of an Essay — Traditionally, it has been taught that a formal essay consists of three parts: the introductory paragraph or introduction, the body paragraphs, and the concluding paragraph. An essay does not need to be this simple, but it is a good starting point.