Click here for an additional example of an oral history. To understand the primary reasons students miss school, records on student absences are collected and analyzed. Click here for an example of a searchable database of aggregate data on youth risk behavior.
Skip to main content. Data Collection Techniques Information you gather can come from a range of sources. Observations Allows for the study of the dynamics of a situation, frequency counts of target behaviors, or other behaviors as indicated by needs of the evaluation Good source for providing additional information about a particular group, can use video to provide documentation Can produce qualitative e.
Documents and Records Consists of examining existing data in the form of databases, meeting minutes, reports, attendance logs, financial records, newsletters, etc. This can be an inexpensive way to gather information but may be an incomplete data source To understand the primary reasons students miss school, records on student absences are collected and analyzed Click here for an example of a searchable database of aggregate data on youth risk behavior.
Interviews can be conducted in person or over the telephone Interviews can be done formally structured , semi-structured, or informally Questions should be focused, clear, and encourage open-ended responses Interviews are mainly qualitative in nature. One-on-one conversation with parent of at-risk youth who can help you understand the issue Click here to see a sample key informant interview.
Allows for the study of the dynamics of a situation, frequency counts of target behaviors, or other behaviors as indicated by needs of the evaluation Good source for providing additional information about a particular group, can use video to provide documentation Can produce qualitative e. A facilitated group interview with individuals that have something in common Gathers information about combined perspectives and opinions Responses are often coded into categories and analyzed thematically.
Involves studying a single phenomenon Examines people in their natural settings Uses a combination of techniques such as observation, interviews, and surveys Ethnography is a more holistic approach to evaluation Researcher can become a confounding variable. Shadowing a family while recording extensive field notes to study the experience and issues associated with youth who have a parent or guardian that has been deployed Click here for an example of an oral history.
This module provides an overview of research methods for phenomenological studies and describes means of data collection. The methodology used in phenomenology differs than most other research methodology because the goal is to describe a lived experience, rather than to explain or quantify it in any way.
Phenomenology is solely concerned with the study of the experience from the perspective of the participants, therefore, the methodology does not include a hypothesis or any preconceived ideas about the data collected. Phenomenology makes use of a variety of methods including interviews, conversations, participant observation, action research, focus meetings, analysis of diaries and other personal texts. In general, the methodology is designed to be less structured and more open-ended to encourage the participant to share details regarding their experience.
Surveys and questionnaires that are commonly used in other research methods to gather information from participants would be too structured and would not allow the participant to freely share. In other words, phenomenology emphasizes subjectivity.
The goal of phenomenological research methods is to maximize the depth of the information collected and therefore, less structured interviews are most effective. Following is a list of principles and qualities applied to phenomenological methodology and data collection:.
Several researchers have described variations of the for the steps used in phenomenology. The following diagram provides an example of a more detailed description of the steps in a phenomenology study.
Data analysis will be the focus of the next module in this series. Phenomenological Research Methods — Contains a detailed descriptive of different types of phenomenological research methods. This pin will expire , on Change. This pin never expires. Select an expiration date. About Us Contact Us. Search Community Search Community. List and describe the steps involved in a phenomenology study. Describe the basic principles applied to phenomenological methodology and data collection. Discuss ways in which phenomenological data can be collected.
Summarize tips for conducting an effective interview. Following is a list of principles and qualities applied to phenomenological methodology and data collection: Phenomenology searches for the meaning or essence of an experience rather than measurements or explanations. Researcher should begin with the practice of Epoche. He or she will describe their own experiences or ideas related to phenomenon to increase their own awareness of their underlying feelings. Phenomenology is different in that the researcher is often participatory and the other participants are co-researchers in many cases.
Data collection is a process of collecting information from all the relevant sources to find answers to the research problem, test the hypothesis and evaluate the outcomes. Data collection methods can be divided into two categories: secondary methods of data collection and primary methods of data.
Data Collection is an important aspect of any type of research study. Inaccurate data collection can impact the results of a study and ultimately lead to invalid results. Data collection methods for impact evaluation vary along a continuum.
DATA COLLECTION Research methodology A brief and succinct account on what the techniques for collecting data are, how to apply them, where to Magister “Civilisation: find data of any type, and the way to keep records for language and Cultural an optimal management of cost, time and effort. Studies. Chapter 9-METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION 1. METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION 2. What is data collection? The process by which the researcher collects the information needed to answer the research .
It is also worth remembering at this stage that all methods of data collection can supply quantitative data (numbers and statistics) or qualitative data (usually words or text). You have, however, selected from the two main traditions of approaching a research topic – quantitative and qualitative. Overview Of Different Data Collection Techniques Responses can be analyzed with quantitative methods by assigning numerical values to Likert-type scales; Consists of examining existing data in the form of databases, meeting minutes, reports, attendance logs, financial records, newsletters, etc.