Tashkin indicated that the findings "were against our expectations We hypothesized that there would be a positive association between marijuana use and lung cancer, and that the association would be more positive with heavier use What we found instead was no association at all, and even a suggestion of some protective effect.
Although I could go on and on quoting different studies done by well-respected doctors, government appointed committees, etc. In any which way, the effects most definitely do not warrant total prohibition. California's Proposition was the first statewide medical marijuana voter initiative adopted in the USA. A To ensure that seriously ill Californians have the right to obtain and use marijuana for medical purposes where that medical use is deemed appropriate and has been recommended by a physician who has determined that the person's health would benefit from the use of marijuana in the treatment of cancer, anorexia, AIDS, chronic pain, spasticity, glaucoma, arthritis, migraine, or any other illness for which marijuana provides relief.
B To ensure that patients and their primary care givers who obtain and use marijuana for medical purposes upon the recommendation of a physician are not subject to criminal prosecution or sanction.
C To encourage the federal and state governments to implement a plan to provide for the safe and affordable distribution of marijuana to all patients in medical need of marijuana. Further, Senate Bill which passed on September 20, , was signed by the Governor on October 13, , and which became effective on January 1, , added an Article 2. Among other things, Article 2. Public opinion on the medical value of marijuana has been sharply divided.
Some dismiss medical marijuana as a hoax that exploits our natural compassion for the sick; others claim it is a uniquely soothing medicine that has been withheld from patients through regulations based on false claims. Proponents of both views cite "scientific evidence" to support their views and have expressed those views at the ballot box in recent state elections.
This study was supported under Contract No. This report summarizes and analyzes what is known about the medical use of marijuana; it emphasizes evidence-based medicine derived from knowledge and experience informed by rigorous scientific analysis , as opposed to belief-based medicine derived from judgment, intuition, and beliefs untested by rigorous science. After their nearly two-year review, the investigators affirmed: Except for the harms associated with smoking, the adverse effects of marijuana use are within the range tolerated for other medications.
So many people who are ill must resort to using marijuana for medicinal purposes. Many of these people have never used marijuana previously, thereby quelling the theory that the use of marijuana for illness is just an "excuse" to smoke pot.
The list of diseases which cannabis can be used for includes but is not limited to: There are over 60 chemicals in marijuana which may have medical uses. It is relatively easy to extract these into food or beverage, or into some sort of lotion, using butter, fat, oil, or alcohol. One chemical, cannabinol, may be useful to help people who cannot sleep.
Another is taken from premature buds and is called cannabidiolic acid. It is a powerful disinfectant. Marijuana dissolved in rubbing alcohol helps people with the skin disease herpes control their sores, and a salve like this was one of the earliest medical uses for cannabis. The leaves were once used in bandages and a relaxing non-psychoactive herbal tea can be made from small cannabis stems.
As stated before, marijuana is classified by the federal government as a Schedule I drug, a reservation for the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use. Although many states have legalized medical marijuana, possession, use and cultivation is still illegal on the federal level.
There have been past attempts to reclassify marijuana. The government declined to initiate proceedings on the basis of their interpretation of U. The Court ruled against the government and ordered them to process the petition. After continuing to rely on treaty commitments in their interpretation of scheduling related issues concerning the petition a Court decision made it clear that the CSA requires a full scientific and medical evaluation and the fulfillment of the rescheduling process before treaty commitments can be evaluated.
In , Francis L. In his recommendation he stated,. To conclude otherwise, on this record, would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious. The second petition was filed by Jon Gettman in It included research and other data that emerged after the record was closed in the prior proceedings before Judge Young and focused primarily on whether cannabis has the high potential for abuse required for Schedule I status.
However, in a federal court denied that petitioners had standing because the petitioners were not injured parties. In , a loosely formed coalition composed of organizations and individuals supporting the reclassification of marijuana known as the Coalition for Rescheduling Cannabis submitted a formal rescheduling petition.
The purpose of this latest rescheduling petition is to demonstrate through volumes of the latest scientific and medical research that cannabis does not have a high potential for abuse, has a relatively low dependence liability, is safe for use under medical supervision, and has an accepted medical use in the United States. This petition is still in the works. Many states have not legalized marijuana use for medicinal purposes and, in those states, raising a medical necessity defense may be necessary.
The basis necessity defense, also known as the "choice of two evils" was available to those who, when confronted with a serious and immediate threat, found they could save themselves only by taking action that violated a law. The medical necessity defense was established for marijuana in United States v. Randall FN34 in which a glaucoma patient who smoked marijuana in order to retain his eyesight was found not guilty of violating anti-marijuana law by the District of Columbia Superior Court.
Recognizing "the right of an individual to preserve and control his or her body," and observing that "the prohibition of marijuana is not well founded," the court concluded that "the evil the defendant sought to avert, blindness, is greater than that he performed to accomplish it, growing marijuana in his residence in violation of the District of Colombia Code. Generally, for a successful state necessity defense the defendant must show: Under federal law, a defendant must establish the existence of four elements to be entitled to a necessity defense: My thesis is that the legalization of marijuana would have a positive influence on America.
In this paper I have tried to show that this is indeed true. Billions of dollars would be saved in government expenditures and, in fact, revenue from taxation on the regulated sale of marijuana would be in the billions.
Nobody has ever died from a marijuana overdose. Finally, and most obviously, marijuana for medical use would benefit many many different sick people with no other legal alternatives. Is there really any question? The time has come!! FN2 "Legalizing Hemp;" Author unknown. Nov 26, , http: FN3 "Hemp Facts;" Author unknown. Hemp Industries Association; Nov 26, , http: FN5 Biomass, in the energy production industry, refers to living and recently living biological material which can be used as fuel or for industrial production Wikipedia; Biomass; Nov 26, , http: Schaffer Library of Drug Policy.
Control of Marihuana, Alcohol and Tobacco;" Nov 30, FN19 Aldrich, Michael, Ph. FN20 Gieringer, Dale, Ph. FN28 "History and Uses of Marijuana. Americans for Safe Access. FN30 Marijuana Rescheduling Petition. United States Department of Justice. Info for Medical Marijuana Litigators: Federalism Issues and the Necessity Defense.
FN34 United States v. Randall, Daily Wash. FN36 "Medical Necessity Defense. To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above. This Sidebar appears everywhere on your wiki. Add to it whatever you like -- a "Home" link, a navigation section, a link to your favorite web sites, or anything else. To edit this page, request access to the workspace. Legalization of Marijuana redirected from Legalization of Marijuana Page history last edited by PBworks 11 years, 9 months ago.
The Time Has Come. What are the Medical Benefits of Marijuana? Attempts at Reclassification of Marijuana for Medical Purposes. Among the unanswered questions about medical marijuana is the risk to users.
Another drug, Sativex , is in clinical trials in the U. It is a combination of chemicals from the marijuana herb and is sprayed into the mouth. Sativex is approved in more than 20 countries to treat muscle spasms from MS and cancer pain. No single organization tracks all research studies of medical marijuana and marijuana-based drugs and herbs. The following review is a summary of controlled studies since Patients were less agitated and ate better after treatment.
Two animal studies show that chemicals in marijuana may help symptoms of some forms of autism. Several studies on animal and human cells and a small study on 9 people suggested THC and other cannabinoids chemicals derived from cannabis might slow the growth of brain cancer. Multiple lab studies in human cells have also shown the potential for them to slow other kinds of cancers, such as breast cancer and leukemia ; no studies in people have taken place.
More than 45 studies have looked at marijuana and pain related to chronic diseases such as cancer , diabetes , fibromyalgia , multiple sclerosis , HIV, rheumatoid arthritis , and spinal injuries. The studies have included smoked marijuana, along with herbal and man-made forms. The majority of the studies showed an improvement in pain relief in comparison to a placebo or to other traditional pain medications.
About a quarter of the studies showed no improvement. Personal stories and animal studies have shown that cannabidiol, one of the chemicals in cannabis, may help seizures in children with epilepsy. New York University just announced it will do a study of children with epilepsy and marijuana. Some of the results included a reduction in bowel inflammation and reduced acid reflux. Further, some patients were able to retain more nutrients in their bodies, and the disease went into remission.
More than 24 studies have looked at smoked marijuana, cannabinoids, and MS. Sativex is approved to treat MS in 24 countries, but not in the U. Two clinical trials showed that THC and cannabidiol could help with psychotic and other symptoms. The National Institutes of Health is funding a small clinical trial that also aims to show whether THC and cannabidiol can ease symptoms. Pain Management Feature Stories. Continued Also, most of the studies had fewer than patients.
Research on Marijuana. No single organization tracks all research studies of medical marijuana and marijuana-based drugs and herbs. The following review is a summary of controlled studies since
Current research implies that marijuana is an aid of great worth in the medication of a broad range of clinical applications. They include relief of pain especially neuropathic pain, spasticity and nausea.
In this paper I will discuss the history of marijuana, the industrial uses of hemp, the prohibition of marijuana, the economical impact prohibition has on America, the effects of marijuana use on the mind and the body, marijuana for medical use, and how legalization of marijuana would have a positive influence on America. Consequently, marijuana should be legalized in order to uphold the integrity to humanity through promoting autonomy to the decision-making processes of the people. Need help with term paper? Professional paper writing service for college students.
Here are some of 's most important marijuana research studies. The five most important medical marijuana research studies of we saw some important cannabis research published in. May 18, · weed research paper topics. Discussion in 'Seasoned Tokers drugged driving, etc, but you're are still able to put facts into it that support marijuana. Just go to considerableaps.tk or something and look at some of their topics that they have listed. English classes taught me one thing, how to bullshit my way through a paper and make it seem like a.